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Table 3 Sociodemographic Characteristics by Smoking Intensity (N = 714)

From: Outdoor smoking in Nigeria: prevalence, correlates and predictors

Sociodemographic Pack Years  
Characteristics
Age N Mean SD Statistics P
 <  24 86 10.59 10.21 214.01F (df5) < 0.001
 25–34 188 8.47 8.03
 35–44 198 13.85 6.83
 45–54 152 27.43 13.09
 55–64 68 46.72 14.48
 > 64 22 56.68 25.34
Gender
 Male 554 20.50 17.56 3.2 t 0.01
 Female 160 15.52 15.09
Marital Status
 Married 417 20.63 16.84 2.4 t 0.017
 Unmarried 296 17.53 17.41
Religion
 Christianity 641 19.60 17.26 0.99 t 0.31
 Islam 73 17.50 16.25
Ethnicity
 Igbo 167 20.43 20.72 2.83 F (df 4) 0.02
 Yoruba 337 20.80 16.91
 Middle Belt 184 15.81 13.17
 Hausa 15 17.91 13.54
 Others (Minority) 11 21.79 22.28
In Employment
 Yes 609 19.13 16.92 0.99 t 0.32
 No 104 20.93 18.57
Years of Education
 0 166 20.23 20.38 3.48 F 0.016
 1–6 300 20.82 17.06
 7–12 202 16.12 13.31
  > 12 46 21.24 18.67
Residence
 Urban 213 17.85 15.77 −1.55 0.1
 Rural/Semi-rural 501 20.04 17.69
Income
 Low income earner 404 23.15 18.75 5.2 t < 0.001
 High income earner 310 16.49 15.23
Depression
 Yes 318 21.31 17.53 2.7 t 0.007
 No 396 17.84 16.72
Alcohol Use
 Yes 654 18.82 21.88 2.2 t 0.03
 No 60 14.72 21.88
  1. F: ANOVA; t: t test