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Table 1 Variances and intra-class correlations from a logistic multilevel analysis with dependent variable presence (1) or absence (0) of a citizen’s initiative in the empty model

From: Citizens’ initiatives for care and welfare in the Netherlands: an ecological analysis

  All postal code areas Urban a Semi-urban and intermediate Semi-rural and rural
Variance municipality 1.652* 1.004* 0.680* 1.545*
Variance province 1.598* 0.559* 2.641*
ICC municipality 25% 23% 15% 21%
ICC Province 24% 12% 35%
N postal code areas 4017 438 1472 2107
N municipalities 396 15 146 235
N provinces 12 12 12
  1. aTwo-level model excluding province due to small number of provinces
  2. *p < 0.05