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Table 4 Associations between lifetime experiences of ethnic discrimination and gestation length (weeks) among Māori, Pacific, and Asian women

From: Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and subsequent birth outcomes in Aotearoa New Zealand

  Māori
β coeff (95% CI)
Pacific
β coeff (95% CI)
Asian
β coeff (95% CI)
Personal attack
 Verbal attack −0.16 (− 0.52, 0.19) 0.33 (− 0.91, 0.76) 0.18 (− 0.10, 0.48)
 Physical attack −1.06 (− 1.83, − 0.28) 0.35 (− 0.52, 1.22) −0.39 (− 1.19, 0.40)
 Any personal attack − 0.18 (− 0.53, 0.16) 0.29 (− 0.12, 0.70) 0.13 (− 0.15, 0.42)
Unfair treatment
 Health professional − 0.36 (− 0.87, 0.15) 0.25 (− 0.32, 0.84) −0.26 (− 0.88, 0.36)
 Work − 0.95 (− 1.56, − 0.34) −0.40 (− 0.60, 0.52) 0.18 (− 0.17, 0.55)
 Housing −0.20 (− 0.67, 0.26) 0.09 (− 0.50, 0.69) 0.30 (− 0.26, 0.87)
 Criminal justice system −0.55 (− 1.08, − 0.02) 0.51 (− 0.19, 1.22) 0.45 (− 0.47, 1.39)
 Banking system −0.73 (− 1.43, − 0.02) 0.64 (− 0.21, 1.51) 0.33 (− 1.02, 1.70)
 Education system −0.24 (− 0.67, 0.18) 0.18 (− 0.39, 0.76) −0.31 (− 0.79, 0.16)
  1. All models adjusted for maternal age, education, relationship status, smoking, BMI, offspring sex, and household income; Bold = P < 0.05