Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations between lifetime experiences of ethnic discrimination and birth weight (grams) among Māori, Pacific, and Asian women

From: Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and subsequent birth outcomes in Aotearoa New Zealand

  Māori
β coeff (95% CI)
Pacific
β coeff (95% CI)
Asian
β coeff (95% CI)
Personal attack
 Verbal attack − 77.2 (− 184, 30.5) 21.8 (− 116, 160) 83.0 (− 11.3, 177)
 Physical attack − 190 (− 423, 42.9) 158 (− 124, 442) − 3.08 (− 258, 252)
 Any personal attack −84.7 (− 190, 20.9) 24.8 (− 109, 159) 75.7 (− 16.1, 167)
Unfair treatment
 Health professional −13.0 (− 166, 140) 142 (− 46.7, 330) 4.98 (− 194, 204)
 Work −243 (− 425, − 60.2) 137 (− 46.7, 321) 49.2 (− 66.0, 164)
 Housing −146 (−286, −5.93) 15.1 (− 177, 207) 188 (7.04, 369)
 Criminal justice system −95.8 (− 255, 64.0) 138 (−91.6, 369) 2.12 (− 295, 299)
 Banking system − 122 (− 333, 89.7) 246 (−34.4, 527) 119 (− 314, 553)
 Education system −63.9 (− 193, 65.7) 79.9 (− 108, 268) −86.6 (− 239, 66.3)
  1. All models adjusted for maternal age, education, relationship status, smoking, BMI, offspring sex, and household income; Bold = P < 0.05