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Table 5 Factors Associated with diarrheal disease among under-five children in Dale District, Southern Ethiopia, October 1–25/2017

From: Prevalence of diarrheal diseases and associated factors among under-five children in Dale District, Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Category COR(95% C.I) AOR(95% C.I)
The educational level of child-mother/caretaker No formal education 2.7 (1.6–4.8) 3.97 (1.60,8.81)**
Formal education 1 1
Age of the index child in a month Below 6 months 1 1
B/w 6–11 months 0.29 (0.09–0.93) 2.42 (0.25,24.03)
B/w 12–24 months 2.5 (1.26–4.8) 12 (1.78, 83.18)**
Greater than 24 months 1.4 (0.67–2.9) 2.74 (0.39,19.09)
Nutritional status Under nourished 4.91 (2.9–8.23) 6.41 (2.47,16.77)**
Normal 1 1
Hand washing practice Not washing hand 5.1 (2.475–10.7) 3.10 (1.10,8.67)*
Water only 6.8 (3.427–13.6) 6.41 (2.51,16.39)**
Water and soap/ash 1 1
Washing hand before feeding a child Yes 2.21 (1.329–3.7) 1.20 (0.51,2.81)
No 1 1
Washing hand after visiting the latrine Yes 5.45 (3.24–9.18) 2.73 (1.05,6.56)*
No 1 1
Washing hand after cleaning the child’s bottom Yes 4.60 (2.70–7.81) 1.88 (0.78,4.73)
No 1 1
A separate container for drinking water storage Yes 1 1
No 5.33 (2.71–0.48) 2.67 (0.81,8.75)
Consumption of water per day ≤ 20 Liters 2.7 (1.60–4.61) 1.27 (0.46, 3.47)
Above 20 Litres 1 1
Housing floor material Mud 2.66 (1.33–5.35) 3.22 (1.16, 8.91)*
Cement 1 1
Source of drinking water Safe 1 1
Unsafe 1.54 (1.12–1.99) 2.14 (0.96, 4.85)
Refuse disposal methods Proper way 1 1
Improper way 2.65 (1.53–4.57) 3.23 (1.37, 7.60)**
  1. COR crude odds ratio and AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. *P ≤ 0.05, **P ≤ 0.01 was considered statistically significant