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Table 1 Cohort Characteristics, Madagascar, N = 3361

From: Caregiver perceptions of child development in rural Madagascar: a cross-sectional study

  Mean (SD; range) % (N)
Child Characteristics
 Age (months) 29.38 (5.15; 16–42)  
 Female   50.28 (1690)
 Birth Order 2.64 (1.25; 1–4)  
 HAZ −2.34 (1.05; − 5.99-3.53)  
 WAZ −1.56 (0.93; − 4.94-2.45)  
 Stunted (HAZ < − 2)   63.37 (2130)
 Wasted (WHZ < − 2)   4.08 (137)
 Underweight (WAZ < − 2)   30.17 (1014)
 ASQ-I age-standardized score 0.00 (1.23; −4.93-4.16)  
ASQ-I ranked scores [Whole sample]
 ≤ −1.42   14.31 (481)
 -1.41 to −0.62   14.28 (480)
 -0.61 to −0.10   14.04 (472)
 -0.11 to 0.34   14.31 (481)
 0.35 to 0.75   14.25 (479)
 0.76 to 1.27   14.25 (479)
 ≥ 1.28   14.55 (489)
Perceived Child Intelligence Ladder
 1   0.92 (31)
 2   3.01 (101)
 3   5.98 (201)
 4   13.86 (466)
 5   22.97 (772)
 6   25.59 (860)
 7   27.67 (930)
Caregiver Characteristics
Age (years) 28.57 (7.78; 15–83)  
Education
 Did not attend school   25.02 (841)
 Primary or less   52.93 (1779)
 Secondary or higher   22.05 (741)
CESD Depression score 17.15 (3.40; 10–29)  
Perceived influence on child’s intelligence
 None   14.67 (493)
 Some   25.59 (860)
 A lot   59.74 (2008)
Household Characteristics
 Household Size 6.52 (2.67; 2–21)  
 Family Care Indicator Score 0.04 (0.84; −1.28-3.15)  
Wealth Quintiles
 Q1 (lowest)   20.17 (678)
 Q2   19.99 (672)
 Q3   19.70 (662)
 Q4   19.82 (666)
 Q5 (highest)   20.32 (683)
  1. Abbreviations: HAZ Height-for-age z-score, WHZ Weight-for-height z-score, WAZ Weight-for-age z-score, ASQ-I Ages and Stages Questionnaire-Inventory, CESD Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale