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Table 5 Factors influencing injury in the mines

From: Injury rate and risk factors among small-scale gold miners in Ghana

Variables Crude OR (95% CI) P-Value AOR (95% CI) P-value
Age group
 18–25 1.00   1.00  
 26–35 1.82 (1.17, 2.82) 0.007 1.57 (0.95, 2.61) 0.08
 36–45 0.71 (0.37, 1.37) 0.31 0.54 (0.25, 1.17) 0.12
 46+ 2.21 (0.99, 4.94) 0.05 1.37 (0.53, 3.52) 0.51
Sex
 Female 1.00    
 Male 1.58 (0.58, 4.31) 0.37   
Marital Status
 Single 1.00    
 Married 1.16 (0.78, 1.72) 0.46   
Education level
 Non-Educated 1.00   1.00  
 Primary 0.63 (0.31, 1.29) 0.21 0.72 (0.32, 1.61) 0.43
 JSS/Middle 0.47 (0.25, 0.89) 0.02 0.48 (0.24, 0.99) 0.05
 SHS 0.39 (0.19, 0.80) 0.01 0.38 (0.17, 0.83) 0.02
 Tertiary 0.77 (0.17, 3.60) 0.74 0.62 (0.11, 3.61) 0.60
Mining experience (Years)
 1–5 1.00   1.00  
 6–10 0.96 (0.58, 1.60) 0.88 0.87 (0.49, 1.57) 0.65
 11–20 1.97 (0.87, 4.50) 0.11 2.07 (0.80, 5.31) 0.13
 21+ 1.26 (0.23, 6.97) 0.79 0.74 (0.09, 6.28) 0.78
Department of work
 Surface Mine 1.00   1.00  
 Underground Mine 3.98 (1.91, 8.28) 0.001 3.19 (1.42, 7.20) 0.005
 Open Pit 1.46 (0.96, 2.21) 0.07 1.28 (0.79, 2.06) 0.31
Daily Production targets per shift
 No 1.00    
 Yes 0.92 (0.61, 1.38) 0.68   
Alcohol Consumption
 No 1.00    
 Yes 1.21 (0.82, 1.80) 0.33   
Tobacco Use
 Never Smoked 1.00   1.00  
 Ever smoked 1.88 (1.17, 3.03) 0.009 1.34 (0.62, 2.90) 0.46
 Currently smokes 1.56 (0.76, 3.19) 0.23 1.61 (0.93, 2.80) 0.09
Days off per month
 0–2 days 1.00    
 3–4 days 0.87 (0.56, 1.36) 0.54   
 5–8 days 0.64 (0.38, 1.06) 0.08   
  1. OR: Odds ratio. AOR: Adjusted odds ratio