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Table 3 Hepatitis B vaccination coverage by socio-demographic characteristics; India, Gujaratd and Punjabe, NFHS, 2015–16

From: Hepatitis B vaccination coverage across India: exploring the spatial heterogeneity and contextual determinants

Background characteristics India Gujarat Punjab
Hep-B (%) No. of Children Hep-B (%) No. of Children Hep-B (%) No. of Children
Child’s age in months
 12–23 63 48,928 39 1397 91 1018
 24–35 59 48,517 33 1387 92 1013
 36–47 53 50,697 30 1614 92 979
 48–59 47 48,512 26 1487 90 1042
Birth order
 1 60 73,998 36 2423 93 1961
 2_3 55 93,620 30 2843 91 1889
 4–5 46 24,051 23 592 76 214
 6+ 38 8220 14 124 45 30
Sex of the child
 Male 55 1,03,622 32 3090 91 2177
 Female 55 96,267 31 2892 91 1917
Child lives with whom
 Respondent 55 1,97,975 31 5929 91 4056
 Lives elsewhere 36 1914 16 53 62 38
Mother’s education
 No education 45 63,097 21 1512 81 688
 Primary or less 54 29,394 29 993 89 509
 Secondary or less 61 89,255 35 3014 93 2258
 Higher Education 64 18,143 41 463 96 639
Caste
 SCa 57 37,351 30 659 91 1787
 STb 51 40,044 31 1503 NA NA
 Others 55 1,14,708 31 3723 91 2298
Religion
 Hindu 56 1,43,834 31 5316 88 1420
 Muslim 50 31,616 31 591 71 115
 Christian 56 16,439 58 65 87 35
 Others* 73 8000 NA NA 94 2524
Wealth quintilesc
 Poorest 47 52,266 17 878 72 44
 Poorer 54 46,882 25 1337 83 185
 Middle 58 39,965 29 1441 86 582
 Richer 60 33,529 37 1231 87 985
 Richest 64 27,247 40 1095 95 2298
Place of Residence
 Urban 58 48,257 34 2003 89 1477
 Rural 54 151,632 29 3979 93 2617
Place of Vaccination
 Public 60 1,68,491 35 4683 92 3608
 Private 56 14,434 37 623 93 422
Year of birth
 2010 44 15,030 26 1008 90 775
 2011 48 40,212 28 1598 90 1014
 2012 55 50,909 30 1492 93 1029
 2013 61 49,569 39 1396 92 993
 2014 63 34,656 35 488 87 281
 2015 58 9446     
Region
 North 58 37,737     
 Central 47 56,634     
 East 63 41,587     
 North East 50 29,179     
 West 46 14,328     
 South 61 20,424     
  1. NA denotes not enough sample (less than 30); aScheduled caste; bScheduled tribe; cwealth quintiles denote five different economic classes of India
  2. dState with lowest hep-B vaccination coverage; eState with highest hep-B vaccination coverage;
  3. * Denotes the other religious groups like Sikh, Buddhist/Neo-Buddhist, Jain, Jewish, Parsi/Zoroastrian & No religion