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Table 2 Demographic and Facility Stay Characteristics of Dying Facility Residents in Six European countries: (N = 1384)

From: Dying in long-term care facilities in Europe: the PACE epidemiological study of deceased residents in six countries

  BE N = 291 N(%) NL N = 222 N(%) UK N = 91 N(%) FI N = 269 N(%) IT N = 200 N(%) PL N = 311 N(%) P-value*
Age - yra
 Mean (SD) years old at time of death 87 (7) 86 (9) 87 (9) 85 (9) 86 (8) 81 (11) < 0.001
Sexa
 Female 174 (64.0) 132 (66.7) 66 (75.0) 169 (64.3) 136 (68.3) 195 (63.5) 0.387
 Male 98 (36.0) 66 (33.3) 22 (25.0) 94 (35.7) 63 (31.7) 112 (36.5)  
Type of ownership of facilitya
 Public-nonprofit 135 (48.9) 211 (100.0) 2 (2.2) 211 (80.2) 66 (34.9) 201 (65.0) < 0.001
 Private-nonprofit 124 (44.9) NA 10 (11.0) 24 (9.1) 44 (23.3) 104 (33.7)
 Private-profit 17 (6.2) NA 79 (86.8) 28 (10.6) 79 (41.8) 4 (1.3)
Size of facilitya
 Mean (SD) number of beds 126 (50) 124 (64) 41 (23) 41 (30) 101 (50) 72 (41) < 0.001
Residency before admission to facilitya
 Own home (living alone or with family or others) 100 (41.8) 99 (57.9) 43 (50.6) 77 (30.0) 95 (49.7) 153 (49.8) < 0.001
 General hospital (e.g. acute care hospital) 76 (31.8) 15 (8.8) 22 (25.9) 85 (33.1) 32 (16.8) 105 (34.2)
 Other facility 32 (13.4) 32 (18.7) 18 (21.2) 72 (28.0) 32 (16.8) 35 (11.4)
 Other residency (e.g. psychiatric or rehabilitation hospital) 31 (13.0) 14.6) 2 (2.4) 23 (8.9) 32 (16.8) 14 (4.6)
Length of staya
 Median (min-max) number of days 745 (2–9706) 710 (1–6290) 600 (2–4952) 581 (1–9218) 416 (2–10,171) 145 (1–12,365) < 0.05
Type of ward at time of deatha
 Ward for residents with dementia 104 (38.1) 94 (47.5) 29 (33.3) 115 (43.7) 74 (37.9) 56 (18.4) < 0.01
 Ward not specifically for dementia 169 (61.9) 104 (52.5) 58 (66.7) 148 (56.3) 121 (62.1) 249 (81.6)
Place of Deatha
 Facility 226 (82.2) 176 (89.3) 71 (81.6) 224 (84.8) 170 (86.7) 248 (80.0) 0.922
 Other (e.g. hospital) 49 (17.8) 21 (10.7) 16 (18.4) 40 (15.2) 26 (13.3) 62 (20.0)  
  1. Missing values age = 13, sex = 13, type = 0, ownership = 6 size = 60, admission from = 145, length of stay = 36, type of ward dementia = 19, place of death = 11. Percentages may not always add up to 100 because of rounding
  2. *Generalised linear mixed model reporting p-value for country as a fixed effect, α = 0.05. Significant results in bold
  3. aReported by administrator/manager of facility. For 44 out of 1384 residents no questionnaire was returned by the administrator/manager of facility; these are not included as missing values below.