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Table 5 Measures of variation (random intercept models) and model fit statistics in childhood MCV1 in Ethiopia, 2016

From: Geographical variation and associated factors of childhood measles vaccination in Ethiopia: a spatial and multilevel analysis

Measures of variation Model 1a Model 2b Model 3c Model 4d
Community level
 Variance (SE) 2.676 (0.091)* 0.556 (0.085)* 1.117 (0.074)* 0.479 (0.086)*
 PCV (%) Reference 79.2 58.3 82.1
 ICC (%) 44.9 14.5 25.3 12.7
 MORe 4.73 2.03 2.73 1.93
Model fit statistics
 DIC (−2log likelihood) 4462 2984 4142 2953
 AIC 4466 3050 4170 3043
  1. SE Standard Error; PCV Proportional Change in Variance, ICC Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, MOR Median Odds Ratio, DIC Deviance Information Criterion, AIC Akaike’s Information Criterion
  2. aModel 1 is an empty model, a baseline model without any explanatory variable
  3. bModel 2 is adjusted for individual-level factors
  4. cModel 3 is adjusted for community-level factors
  5. dModel 4 is final model adjusted for both individual and community-level factors
  6. eIncreased risk (in median) that one would have if moving to a neighborhood/cluster with a higher risk
  7. *P-value < 0.001