Skip to main content

Table 1 HAZ scores of children with different sociodemographic characteristics

From: Reduction but not elimination: health inequalities among urban, migrant, and rural children in China—the moderating effect of the fathers’ education level

  HAZ Score P-Value
Rural children (x ± s) Migrant children (x ± s) Urban children (x ± s) Overall children (x ± s)
Gender Male 0.843 ± 1.127 1.068 ± 1.064 1.409 ± 0.996 1.1 ± 1.097 < 0.001#
Female 0.372 ± 0.949 0.461 ± 0.869 0.757 ± 0.861 0.549 ± 0.917
Age Year 11–13 0.784 ± 1.009 0.972 ± 0.986 1.164 ± 0.941 0.976 ± 0.992 < 0.001#
Year 14–18 0.039 ± 1.066 0.401 ± 0.985 0.578 ± 1.035 0.299 ± 1.061
Race Han 0.71 ± 1.035 0.792 ± 1.022 1.087 ± 0.961 0.878 ± 1.018 < 0.001#
Minority −0.252 ± 0.979 0.631 ± 1.011 0.778 ± 1.189 0.243 ± 1.169
Number of sibling 1 sibling 1.003 ± 0.988 1.056 ± 1.002 1.185 ± 0.925 1.122 ± 0.954  
2 siblings 0.573 ± 1.041 0.735 ± 1.001 0.863 ± 1.038 0.677 ± 1.039 < 0.001+
3 siblings or above 0.13 ± 1.067 0.417 ± 0.981 0.532 ± 1.064 0.276 ± 1.057  
Family economic condition Poverty 0.371 ± 1.109 0.612 ± 1.052 0.757 ± 1.116 0.495 ± 1.114  
Middle income 0.708 ± 1.033 0.789 ± 1.007 1.087 ± 0.954 0.889 ± 1.009 < 0.001+
Affluent 1.02 ± 0.962 1.113 ± 1.015 1.286 ± 0.939 1.186 ± 0.965  
Total   0.612 ± 1.069 0.779 ± 1.022 1.064 ± 0.982 0.823 ± 1.047  
  1. Note: # Independent Samples T-Test was used, + F-test was used