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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (aORs) of the clustering of health risk behaviours among school-going adolescents in Peninsular Malaysia, MyAHRB 2013

From: Clustering of lifestyle risk behaviours and its determinants among school-going adolescents in a middle-income country: a cross-sectional study

Variable Boys Girls
Adjusted OR 95% CI Adjusted OR 95% CI
  Lower Upper   Lower Upper
Ethnicity
 Malay *0.64 0.6 0.89 0.66 0.432 1.00
 Non-Malay Ref    Ref   
Father’s Occupation
 Management and clerical 1.20 0.61 2.39 0.50 0.19 1.28
 Manual workers 0.95 0.51 1.77 0.58 0.24 1.42
 Not working Ref    Ref   
Mother’s Occupation
 Management and clerical 1.06 0.72 1.58 1.05 0.67 1.63
 Manual workers 0.98 0.64 1.49 0.91 0.56 1.47
 Not working Ref    Ref   
Father’s Education Level
 No formal education Ref    Ref   
 Primary 1.52 0.41 5.65 1.78 0.53 5.97
 Secondary 2.14 0.62 7.43 1.32 0.43 4.20
 Tertiary 2.09 0.58 7.48 1.36 0.40 4.62
Mother’s Education Level
 No formal education Ref    Ref   
 Primary 0.56 0.18 1.73 0.38 0.10 1.47
 Secondary 0.60 0.21 1.75 0.74 0.20 2.78
 Tertiary 0.56 0.18 1.74 0.61 0.15 2.49
Marital Status
 Married 1.05 0.56 1.97 1.18 0.58 2.40
 Divorced Ref    Ref   
Academic Performance
 Poor/Fair Ref    Ref   
 Good 1.03 0.79 1.4 0.85 0.61 1.17
Close friends
 Fewer than 3 Ref    Ref   
 At least 3 *0.65 0.43 0.99 0.95 0.64 1.43
  1. *Significant values at 95% confidence interval