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Table 3 Dietary intake among men with MCI and without MCI at 18 months (presented as mean (sd))

From: Incidence and predictors of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) within a multi-ethnic Asian populace: a community-based longitudinal study

Nutrient N = 1227 p value
MCI (n = 95) Without MCI (n = 449)
Intakes % of intake from RNIsa Intakes % of intake from RNIs
Energy (kcal) 1817 ± 539.2 90.4 ± 26.8 1779 ± 487.0 88.5 ± 24.2 0.528
Protein (g/day) 75.9 ± 23.8 128.6 ± 40.4 74.4 ± 22.4 126.0 ± 37.9 0.553
Protein (% of energy) 16.8 ± 3.0 16.9 ± 3.4 0.833
Carbohydrate (g/day) 255.3 ± 88.7 248.9 ± 79.9 0.489
Carbohydrate (% of energy) 55.9 ± 7.4 55.7 ± 7.5 0.839
Fat (g/day) 54.6 ± 20.2 53.7 ± 19.2 0.702
Fat (% of energy) 27.2 ± 6.1 27.2 ± 6.6 0.902
Saturated Fat (g/day) 9.0 ± 5.6 9.7 ± 6.5 0.330
Total Fibre (g/day) 3.7 ± 2.3 3.9 ± 2.5 0.397
Vitamin C (mg/day) 120.3 ± 93 171.9 ± 132.8 117.0 ± 90 167.1 ± 129.2 0.745
Vitamin E (mg/day) 23.6 ± 110 235.7 ± 1095 6.1 ± 21.0 60.5 ± 210.3 0.124
Thiamine (mg/day) 1.4 ± 3.2 120.0 ± 266 1.4 ± 3.4 118.0 ± 287 0.949
Riboflavin (mg/day) 1.3 ± 0.5 97.5 ± 41.4 1.2 ± 0.5 95.0 ± 37.0 0.556
Niacin (mg/day) 10.6 ± 3.9 66.0 ± 24.5 10.9 ± 4.1 68.1 ± 25.8 0.459
Pyridoxine (mg/day) 0.7 ± 0.3 0.8 ± 0.4 0.629
Folate (μg /day) 110.1 ± 74 27.5 ± 18.6 104.1 ± 70 26.0 ± 17.5 0.452
Calcium (mg/day) 548.9 ± 241 68.6 ± 30.1 524.3 ± 239 65.5 ± 29.9 0.365
Sodium (mg/day) 1459 ± 819 1575 ± 1097 0.330
Iron (mg/day) 14.2 ± 5.9 101.7 ± 42.1 13.9 ± 5.1 99.4 ± 36.4 0.580
Zinc (mg/day) 3.9 ± 2.0 58.6 ± 30.1 3.8 ± 2.1 56.6 ± 30.8 0.554
Phosphorus (mg/day) 1193 ± 415 1183 ± 429 0.832
Selenium (μg/day) 23.0 ± 19.9 69.6 ± 60.2 22.8 ± 17.9 69.0 ± 54.2 0.923
  1. aRNIs: Recommended Nutrient Intakes for Malaysia [40]