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Table 4 Longitudinal association between woman’s income and past year experience of sexual IPVa

From: Women’s income and risk of intimate partner violence: secondary findings from the MAISHA cluster randomised trial in North-Western Tanzania

  Intervention arm (n = 313) Control arm (n = 274)
Past year sexual IPV at follow-up n/N (%) Age-adjusted OR (95%CI) aORb (95%CI) Past year sexual IPV at follow-up n/N (%) Age-adjusted OR (95%CI) aORb (95%CI)
Change in monthly income between baseline and follow-up
 Fallen 1+ quartile/stopped working 21/86 (24%) 12/77 (16%)
 Stayed in same quartile 16/96 (17%) 0.66 (0.32–1.37) 0.59 (0.27–1.26) 17/78 (22%) 1.57 (0.67–3.72) 1.17 (0.43–3.20)
 Increased 1+ quartile/started working 25/112 (22%) 0.95 (0.48–1.86) 1.01 (0.55–1.85) 17/99 (17%) 1.14 (0.46–2.80) 1.00 (0.36–2.80)
Change in financial contribution to household relative to husband between baseline and follow-up
 Was always lower/the same 42/195 (22%) 22/161 (14%)
 Was higher, now lower/same 6/33 (18%) 0.93 (0.34–2.53) 0.78 (0.31–1.99) 5/30 (17%) 1.72 (0.57–5.22) 1.44 (0.35–5.86)
 Was lower/same, now higher 8/45 (18%) 0.81 (0.31–2.07) 0.89 (0.27–2.97) 9/39 (23%) 2.48 (1.01–6.12) 3.21 (1.17–8.84)
 Always higher 10/40 (25%) 1.90 (0.89–4.05) 1.98 (0.66–5.97) 16/44 (36%) 6.11 (3.15–11.85) 6.59 (2.54–17.09)
  1. aAmong women married/living as married at baseline and follow-up
  2. bAdjusted for woman’s age, other income/financial contribution variable, partner’s age, baseline measure of outcome, woman’s education, partner’s education, relationship duration, and experience of household-level financial hardship in past year
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