Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Relationship between area-level SES and type of urbanization with weekday outdoor time

From: Relationships between area-level socioeconomic status and urbanization with active transportation, independent mobility, outdoor time, and physical activity among Canadian children

Independent variables Dependent variable: weekday outdoor time (≤2 h (ref) vs. > 2 h)
Girls Boys
Odds Ratio 95% CI p Odds Ratio 95% CI p
Fixed Effects
  (Intercept) 0.11 0.06–0.21 < 0.001 0.18 0.11–0.31 < 0.001
 School SES: low (ref: high) 0.92 0.59–1.44 0.717 1.11 0.78–1.60 0.555
 Site: Vancouver (ref: Ottawa) 1.43 0.83–2.43 0.194 1.38 0.87–2.18 0.175
 Site: Trois-Rivières 1.26 0.69–2.30 0.460 0.94 0.56–1.60 0.821
 Type of urbanization: suburban (ref: urban) 2.10 1.24–3.56 0.006 1.01 0.67–1.54 0.957
 Type of urbanization: rural 2.04 1.17–3.58 0.013 1.07 0.66–1.74 0.775
 Parental education: high school or less (ref: University) 1.11 0.62–1.99 0.728 1.51 0.85–2.69 0.164
 Parental education: college 1.74 1.13–2.67 0.011 1.19 0.77–1.84 0.423
 Age in years (centered) 0.86 0.71–1.04 0.127 0.91 0.76–1.10 0.330
 Car ownership: ≥ 2 cars (ref: ≤ 1 car) 1.02 0.70–1.50 0.917 0.90 0.61–1.32 0.582
 Home ownership: yes (ref: no) 0.79 0.52–1.21 0.287 1.17 0.75–1.82 0.488
Random Effects
 τ00, School_ID 0.140 0.000
 NSchool_ID 37 37
 ICCSchool_ID 0.041 0.000
 Observations 935 764
 Tjur’s D 0.050 0.010
 AIC 872.980 794.820
 -2 Log-Likelihood 848.980 770.820
 Deviance 822.965 770.820
  1. CI, Confidence interval, p p-value, SES Socioeconomic status, N Number of schools, τ00 variance within the dependent variable between schools, ICC Intraclass correlation coefficient, AIC Akaike information criterion