Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Relationship between area-level SES and type of urbanization with number of active trips per week

From: Relationships between area-level socioeconomic status and urbanization with active transportation, independent mobility, outdoor time, and physical activity among Canadian children

Independent variables Dependent variable: active trips per week
Girls Boys
IRR 95% CI p IRR 95% CI p
Fixed Effects
 (Intercept) 12.28 9.13–16.53 < 0.001 9.25 6.86–12.46 < 0.001
 School SES: low (ref: high) 1.09 0.86–1.38 0.473 0.94 0.75–1.18 0.614
 Site: Vancouver (ref: Ottawa) 1.05 0.78–1.41 0.741 1.34 0.99–1.80 0.055
 Site: Trois-Rivières 1.10 0.81–1.49 0.530 1.30 0.96–1.76 0.087
 Type of urbanization: suburban (ref: urban) 0.89 0.67–1.19 0.447 1.16 0.87–1.55 0.303
 Type of urbanization: rural 0.83 0.62–1.11 0.209 1.14 0.85–1.52 0.390
 Parental education: high school or less (ref: University) 0.88 0.82–0.94 < 0.001 1.05 0.97–1.13 0.224
 Parental education: college 0.98 0.93–1.03 0.448 1.11 1.06–1.18 < 0.001
 Age in years (centered) 1.05 1.03–1.08 < 0.001 1.01 0.98–1.03 0.490
 Car ownership: ≥ 2 cars (ref: ≤ 1 car) 0.80 0.77–0.84 < 0.001 0.80 0.76–0.84 < 0.001
 Home ownership: yes (ref: no) 1.01 0.96–1.06 0.620 1.03 0.98–1.09 0.248
Random Effects
 τ00, School_ID 0.135 0.136
 NSchool_ID 37 37
 ICCSchool_ID 0.119 0.120
 Observations 935 764
 Tjur’s D 1.093 1.239
 AIC 7674.815 6483.770
 -2 Log-Likelihood 7650.815 6459.770
 Deviance 7485.331 6299.711
  1. IRR Incidence rate ratio, CI Confidence interval, p P-value, SES Socioeconomic status; τ00 variance within the dependent variable between schools, N Number of schools, ICC Intraclass correlation coefficient, AIC Akaike information criterion