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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the participants

From: Relationships between area-level socioeconomic status and urbanization with active transportation, independent mobility, outdoor time, and physical activity among Canadian children

  All (n = 1699)a, b, c Girls (n = 935) Boys (n = 764)  
Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD Range Mean ± SD Range p Cohen’s d
Age (years) 10.2 ± 1.0 8–13 10.2 ± 1.0 8–13 10.2 ± 1.0 8–13 0.258 0.06
Number of active trips per week 11.4 ± 11.5 0–150 11.0 ± 11.1 0–150 11.8 ± 11.9 0–142 0.190 0.06
Independent mobility licences 2.2 ± 1.6 0–6 2.1 ± 1.6 0–6 2.3 ± 1.6 0–6 0.003 0.14
Steps per day 12,052 ± 3778 3370–24,886 11,387 ± 3452 3370–24,458 12,865 ± 3997 3449–24,886 < 0.001 0.40
MVPA (min/day) 65.2 ± 23.1 12–177 61.2 ± 20.4 12–151 70.0 ± 25.2 14–177 < 0.001 0.38
Outdoor time (weekdays)
  ≤ 2 h per day 1373 (80.8%) 767 (82.0%) 606 (79.3%)
  > 2 h per day 326 (19.2%) 168 (18.0%) 158 (20.7%)
Outdoor time (weekend days)
  ≤ 2 h per day 832 (49.0%) 478 (51.1%) 354 (46.3%)
  > 2 h per day 867 (51.0%) 457 (48.9%) 410 (53.7%)
  1. SD Standard deviation, MVPA, p P-value, Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  2. aThe percentage of participating children from each site: Ottawa (Boys: 24.1%; Girls: 27.4%); Trois-Rivières (Boys: 31.4%; Girls: 28.7%); and Vancouver (Boys: 44.5%; Girls: 44.0%)
  3. bThe percentage of participating children from each type of urbanization: Urban: (Boys: 45.3%; Girls: 43.9%); Suburban (Boys: 31.9%; Girls: 30.9%); and Rural: (Boys: 22.8%; Girls: 25.2%)
  4. cThe percentage of participating children from high and low socioeconomic status: High (Boys: 56.3%; Girls: 59.5%) and Low: (Boys: 43.7%; Girls: 40.5%)