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Table 3 Descriptive analysis and three Poisson regression models comparing the incidence rate ratio (IRR) of those patients who took up the initial telephone-based counselling with the Municipal health centre (MHC) and those patients who did not

From: Step-wise approach to prevention of chronic diseases in the Danish primary care sector with the use of a personal digital health profile and targeted follow-up – an assessment of attendance

Exposures Patients advised to attend MHCs Model 1 - crude Model 2 – age and sex adjusted Model 3 – minimally adjusted
Attenders (N = 128) n (%) Non-attenders (N = 490) n (%) Total (N = 618) n (%) IRR p-value IRR p-value IRR p-value
Age
 29–44a 86 (67) 284 (58) 370 [60) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 45–60 42 (33) 206 (42) 248 (40) 0.73 [0.52;1.01] 0.060 0.73 [0.52;1.02] 0.064 0.73 [0.52;1.02] 0.064
Sex
 Malea 59 (46) 211 (43) 270 (44) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Female 69 (54) 279 (57) 348 (56) 0.91 [0.67;1.24] 0.550 0.93 [0.68;1.27] 0.650 0.93 [0.68;1.27] 0.650
Country of origin
 Danisha 121 (95) 475(97) 596 (96) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Non-Danish 7 (5) 15 (3) 22 (4) 1.56 [0.83;2.95] 0.165 1.62 [0.87;3.01] 0.130 1.62 [0.87;3.01] 0.130
Employment status
 Employedb 112 (88) 426 (87) 538 (87) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Unemployed 16 (12) 64 (13) 80 (13) 0.96 [0.60;1.53] 0.861 0.95 [0.59;1.51] 0.822 0.99 [0.62;1.57] 0.953
Income
  (50% below median income)b 22 (17) 98 (20) 120 (19) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Other 106 (83) 392 (80) 498 (81) 1.16 [0.77;1.76] 0.474 1.20 [0.79;1.83] 0.401 1.21 [0.78;1.82] 0.412
Educational attainment
 Secondary and high schoolb 18 (14) 91(19) 109 (18) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Vocational training and higher education 110 (86) 399 (81) 509 (82) 1.31 [0.83;2.06] 0.242 1.28 [0.81;2.01] 0.289 1.29 [0.82;2.04] 0.275
Cohabitational status
 Cohabitingb 97 (76) 381 (78) 478 (77) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Single 31 (24) 109 (22) 140 (23) 1.09 [0.76;1.56] 0.641 1.08 [0.75;1.55] 0.675 1.11 [0.77;1.59] 0.579
Smoking status
 Smokerb 38 (30) 199 (41) 237 (38) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Non-smoker 90 (70) 291 (59) 381 (62) 1.47 [1.04;2.07] 0.028 1.44 [1.02;2.02] 0.037 1.45 [1.03;2.04] 0.032
Alcohol consumption
 Above low riskb 115 (90) 430 (88) 545 (88) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Low risk 13 (10) 60 (12) 73 (12) 1.19 [0.71;2.00] 0.517 1.13 [0.67;1.91] 0.640 1.15 [0.68;1.95] 0.613
Diet
 Not unhealthyb 78 (61) 259 (53) 337 (55) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Unhealthy 50 (39) 231 (47) 281 (45) 0.77 [0.56;1.06] 0.110 0.79 [0.57;1.10] 0.165 0.77 [0.56;1.07] 0.116
Physical activity
 Sedentaryb 34 (27) 123 (25) 157 (32) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Active 94 (73) 367 (75) 461 (75) 0.94 [0.66;1.32] 0.708 0.96 [0.67;1.36] 0.808 0.99 [0.70;1.41] 0.960
Body Mass Index
 > 30c 101 (79) 427 (87) 528 (85) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 < 30 27 (21) 63 (13) 90 (15) 0.63 [0.44;0.90] 0.012 0.65 [0.45;0.95] 0.026 0.62 [0.42;0.91] 0.014
Health-risk behaviours
 Two or moreb 19 (15) 68 (14) 87 (14) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 One or none 109 (85) 422 (86) 531 (86) 0.93 [0.60;1.43] 0.738 0.96 [0.62;1.48] 0.850 0.95 [0.62;1.47] 0.821
Self-rated health
 Fair or poorb 28 (22) 54 (11) 82 (13) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 Good, very good, excellent 100 (78) 436 (89) 536 (87) 0.55 [0.39;0.78] 0.001 0.54 [0.38;0.77] 0.001 0.53 [0.37;0.76] 0.000
Mental well-beingb 23.4 24.0 23.9 0.96 [0.92;1.01] 0.089 0.97 [0.93;1.01] 0.133 0.97 [0.92;1.01] 0.115
Self-efficacyd 29.4 30.2 30.1 0.97 [0.95;1.00] 0.078 0.97 [0.94;1.00] 0.068 0.96 [0.93;0.99] 0.015
Beliefs in a healthy lifestyleb 13.1 12.9 12.9 1.05 [0.96;1.13] 0.287 1.05 [0.97;1.14] 0.247 1.05 [0.96;1.14] 0.279
Appointment at the general practitioner in the past two years
 Yesb 114 (89) 421 (86) 535 (87) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 No 14 (11) 69 (14) 83 (13) 0.79 [0.48;1.31] 0.361 0.77 [0.46;1.29] 0.327 0.79 [0.47;1.32] 0.364
Health check at the general practitioner in past two yearsb 101 (79) 413 (84) 514 (83) 1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]   1 [.;.]  
 No health check 27 (21) 77 (16) 104 (17) 0.76 [0.52;1.10] 0.142 0.73 [0.51;1.06] 0.100 0.73 [0.50;1.05] 0.090
  1. Model 3 – minimal adjustment
  2. aNo adjustment
  3. bAge, sex, country of origin, education
  4. cAge, sex, country of origin, education, occupation, income, cohabitation, smoking, alcohol, diet, exercise
  5. dAge, sex, country of origin, education, occupation, income, beliefs in a healthy lifestyle