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Table 4 Socio-demographic characteristics of mothers (n = 508)

From: The double burden of malnutrition in a rural health and demographic surveillance system site in South Africa: a study of primary schoolchildren and their mothers

Variables Categories Frequency Percentages
Mother’s marital status Ever married 187 36.8
Single 321 63.2
Mothers’ level of Education Low literacy 206 40.6
High literacy 302 59.4
Mother’s employment Employed 90 17.7
Unemployed 418 82.3
Mother’s occupation None 418 82.3
Civil servant 16 3.1
Labour/domestic work 74 14.6
Child support grant Yes 441 86.8
No 67 13.2
Type of house Brick 319 63. 2
RDP/mud/shack 189 36.8
Household head Self 170 33.5
Spouse/partner 193 38.0
Parents 117 23.0
Grandparents 19 3.7
Relatives 9 1.8
Household income ≤$70,53 180 35.4
$70.59 –$352.62 261 51.4
$352.69 – $705.24 67 13.2
Number of household members 1 to 4 183 36.0
5 to 9 293 57.7
≥10 32 6.3
Number of household children 1 30 7.5
2 132 24.4
≥3 346 68.1
Source of energy for cooking Electricity 399 78.5
Firewood 83 16.3
Paraffin 17 3.4
Gas 5 1.0
Coal 4 0.8
Refrigerator use Yes 426 83.9
No 82 16.1
Access to water Yes 375 73.8
No 133 26.2
Type of toilet Flush toilet Pit toilet 22 486 4.3 95.7