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Table 5 Factors associated with minimum acceptable diet in India, 2015–16 National Family and Health Survey

From: Prevalence and factors associated with complementary feeding practices among children aged 6–23 months in India: a regional analysis

Characteristics North South East West Central North Eastern
aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Type of Caste or tribe
 Scheduled Caste 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00  
 Scheduled tribe 1.52(0.98,2.34) 0.78(0.47,1.30) 0.88(0.66,1.18)   1.43(1.11,1.85) *  
 Other backward class 0.96(0.70,1.31) 0.67(0.52,0.86) * 0.76(0.61,0.93) *   1.09(0.90,1.32)  
 Others 1.48(1.10,1.98)* 0.71(0.46,1.11) 1.11(0.85,1.45)   1.10(0.87,1.38)  
Household Wealth Index
 Poorest 1.00 1.00     
 Poorer 1.27(0.75,2.15) 1.29(0.71,2.32)     
 Middle 1.52(0.91,2.52) 1.75(0.99,3.09)     
 Richer 1.68(0.98,2.85) 1.50(0.84,2.68)     
 Richest 1.81(1.05,3.10) * 2.60(1.40,4.81) *     
Mother’s religion
 Hindu 1.00   1.00    1.00
 Muslim 2.00(1.58,2.52) *   1.18(0.92,1.52)    0.83(0.60,1.14)
 Christianity and others 0.94(0.62,1.39)   1.59(1.08,2.35) *    1.95(1.58,2.42) *
Marital status
 Currently married     1.00   
 Formerly married (divorced /
separated /widowed)
   0.05(0.01,0.38) *   
Mother’s education
 No education      1.00  
 Primary      1.09(0.86,1.37)  
 Secondary and above     1.29(1.08,1.56) *  
Mother’s literacy
 No 1.00      
 Yes 0.69(0.53,0.90) *      
Mother’s age
 15–24 years 1.00      
 25–34 years 2.24(1.07,4.66) *      
 35–49 years 2.73(1.19,6.26) *      
Power over earning
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 woman 0.89(0.68,1.17) 1.06(0.79,1.42) 1.09(0.82,1.44) 1.22(0.69,2.13) 1.16(0.92,1.45) 1.09(0.82,1.46)
Power over household purchases
 Husband 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 woman 0.98(0.76,1.26) 1.17(0.89,1.54) 1.06(0.82,1.36) 1.04(0.62,1.73) 1.05(0.86,1.30) 1.11(0.84,1.47)
Sex of baby
 Male      1  
 Female      0.86(0.74,0.99) *  
Birth order
 First-born 1.00   1.00   1.00 1.00
 2nd-4th 1.27(1.03,1.56) *   1.41(1.17,1.69) *   1.24(1.05,1.46) * 1.41(1.14,1.74) *
 5 or more 1.09(0.65,1.82)   1.20(0.87,1.66)   1.21(0.90,1.63) 1.19(0.85,1.65)
Perceived Size of baby
 Small     1.00 1.00  
 Average     0.50(0.26,0.96) * 1.26(1.00,1.60) *  
 Large     0.54(0.26,1.10) 1.29(0.96,1.72)  
Type of delivery assistance
 Health professional    1.00   1.00  
 Traditional birth attendants   1.26(1.00,1.58) *   1.07(0.84,1.37)  
 Other untrained    1.24(0.99,1.54)   1.30(1.09,1.56) *  
Place of delivery
 Home   1.00     
 Health facility   2.77(1.18,6.50) *     
Antenatal clinic visits
 None    1.00   1.00  
 1–3    0.79(0.64,0.99) *   1.04(0.84,1.29)  
 4+    1.63(1.31,2.04) *   1.57(1.25,1.98) *  
Listens to radio
 Not at all 1.00    1.00 1.00  
 Yes 1.39(1.07,1.79) *    0.45(0.25,0.82) * 1.45(1.19,1.77) *  
Watches television
 Not at all    1.00    
 Yes    1.58(1.31,1.90) *    
Reads newspaper or magazine
 Not at all       1.00
 Yes       1.40(1.14,1.71) *
  1. Statistically significant (95% confidence intervals and P < 0.05*) study variables from multivariable models are shown. In the model of child factors, adjustments were made for maternal, household, health service and community factors. A similar approach was used for maternal, household, health service and community factors that adjusted for respective factors in multivariable models