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Table 4 Multi-level Multivariable Model Assessing the Relationship between the Encoded Exposure, Mediators and MHHM (n=2167)a

From: How does a Social and Behavioral Change Communication Intervention Predict Menstrual Health and Hygiene Management: A Cross-Sectional Study

Characteristics Adequate preparation of clean absorbent AOR (95% CI) Adequate storage of clean absorbent AOR (95% CI) Adequate frequency of changing AOR (95% CI) Adequate disposal AOR (95% CI) Adequate hygiene AOR (95% CI)
Encoded Exposure
None 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Low 1.23 (0.92 – 1.66) 2.14 (1.50 – 3.05)*** 2.64 (1.71 – 4.07)*** 1.73 (1.22 – 2.43)** 1.67 (1.16 – 2.39)**
Medium 1.38 (1.04 – 1.84)* 1.91 (1.35 – 2.70)*** 4.87 (3.10 – 7.63)*** 1.79 (1.28 – 2.50)** 1.78 (1.25 – 2.55)**
High 1.36 (0.98 – 1.88) 2.10 (1.42 – 3.12)*** 2.52 (1.57 – 4.04)*** 1.93 (1.33 – 2.80)** 1.41 (0.95 – 2.10)
Knowledge about puberty
Low 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Medium 1.14 (0.92 – 1.42) 0.78 (0.62 – 0.98)* 1.25 (0.96 – 1.61) 0.88 (0.71 – 1.09) 1.14 (0.91 – 1.43)
High 1.17 (0.81 – 1.70) 1.08 (0.70 – 1.66) 2.21 (1.30 – 3.76)** 0.78 (0.54 – 1.13) 1.31 (0.87 – 1.96)
Knowledge about reproductive parts
Low 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Medium 0.89 (0.71 – 1.10) 1.25 (1.0004 – 1.56)* 1.18 (0.92 – 1.51) 1.50 (1.21 – 1.85)*** 1.02 (0.82 – 1.27)
High 0.92 (0.66 – 1.28) 1.87 (1.29 – 2.71)** 0.95 (0.61 – 1.47) 1.56 (1.12 – 2.18)* 1.46 (1.01 – 2.12)*
Attitudes towards gender
Negative 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Neutral 1.40 (1.08 – 1.80)** 1.17 (0.91 – 1.51) 0.85 (0.64 – 1.14) 1.12 (0.88 – 1.43) 0.88 (0.69 – 1.14)
Positive 1.57 (1.21 – 2.05)*** 1.61 (1.22 – 2.12)*** 0.94 (0.69 – 1.28) 1.00 (0.78 – 1.29) 1.02 (0.78 – 1.33)
Interpersonal communication
No discussion 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Some discussion and dialogue 1.09 (0.88 – 1.35) 1.42 (1.14 – 1.77)** 1.31 (1.03 – 1.67)* 1.38 (1.12 – 1.70)** 1.39 (1.12 – 1.72)**
All dialogue 1.28 (0.89 – 1.84) 0.95 (0.67 – 1.35) 0.91 (0.59 – 1.40) 0.89 (0.63 – 1.26) 1.87 (1.26 – 2.77)**
Random Effects
District (var) 0.0072 (0.00016 – 0.32) 1.02 e -36 0.23 (0.06 – 0.84) 0.05 (0.005 – 0.40) 3.36 e -34
District>Block (var) 8.38 e -33 0.038 (0.007 – 0.21) 0.28 (0.14 – 0.56) 0.04 (0.005 – 0.29) 0.04 (0.0027 – 0.55)
District>Block>Village (var) 0.26 (0.15 – 0.44)*** 0.20 (0.10 – 0.42)*** 0.56 (0.40 – 0.79)*** 0.24 (0.13 – 0.43)*** 0.38 (0.23 – 0.62)***
  1. *: Significant difference between independent variable and MHHM behavior at p0.05 level.
  2. **: Significant difference between independent variable and MHHM behavior at p0.01 level.
  3. ***: Significant difference between independent variable and MHHM behavior at p0.001 level.
  4. a: Controlled for socio-demographics, socio-economic characteristics, duration since menarche, knowledge about puberty, knowledge about reproductive parts, knowledge about absorbent use, attitudes towards menstruation, attitudes towards absorbent use, attitudes towards restrictions, attitudes towards gender, interpersonal communication, personal restrictions, social restrictions, structural restrictions and random effects for district, block and village
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