Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Clinical and Psychological Characteristics of Sample studied

From: Impact of social disadvantages in the presence of diabetes at old age

 Diabetes Incident Group n = 459Diabetes Prevalent Group n = 1,903No diabetes n = 6,486Total n = 8,848
Hypertension, n(%)219 (47.71)1,184 (62.22)2,501 (38.56)3,904 (44.12)
Cancer, n(%)9 (1.96)53 (2.79)118 (1.82)180 (2.03)
Heart attack, n(%)17 (3.70)107 (5.62)182 (2.81)306 (3.46)
Lung Chronic Disease, n(%)27 (5.88)104 (5.47)366 (5.64)497 (5.62)
Stroke, n(%)9 (1.96)58 (3.05)98 (1.51)165 (1.86)
Depression, n(%)316 (68.85)1,192 (62.64)4,686 (72.25)6,194 (70.00)
Internal Locus of Control, n(%)313 (68.19)1,325 (69.63)4,469 (68.90)6,107 (69.02)
 Mean (SD)5.20 (1.64)5.17 (1.71)5.19 (1.71)5.18 (1.71)
Smoking
 Never299 (65.14)1,273 (66.89)3,968 (61.18)5,540 (62.61)
 Sometime / ex-smoker104 (22.66)465 (24.44)1,609 (24.81)2,178 (24.62)
 Currently smoker56 (12.20)165 (8.67)909 (14.01)1,130 (12.77)
Alcohol drinking, (%)
 Never51 (11.11)249 (13.08)742 (11.44)1,042 (11.78)
 Sometime334 (72.77)1,421 (74.67)4,489 (69.21)6,244 (70.57)
 Yes, moderate31 (6.75)98 (5.15)536 (8.26)665 (7.52)
 Yes, severe43 (9.37)135 (7.09)719 (11.09)897 (10.14)
Body Mass Index, n(%)
 Low weight10 (2.18)123 (6.46)642 (9.90)775 (8.76)
 Normal167 (36.38)692 (36.36)2,728 (42.06)3,587 (40.54)
 Overweight114 (24.84)458 (24.07)1,526 (23.53)2,098 (23.71)
 Obesity168 (36.60)630 (33.11)1,590 (24.51)2,388 (26.99)
 Mean (SD)29.00 (4.73)28.49 (5.01)27.30 (4.59)27.64 (4.73)
Health Self-perception, n(%)
 Bad291 (63.40)1,543 (81.08)3,696 (56.98)5,530 (62.50)
 Good168 (36.60)360 (18.92)2,790 (43.02)3,318 (37.50)
Help walking around the house, n(%)4 (0.87)47 (2.47)52 (0.80)103 (1.16)
Help bathing, n(%)2 (0.44)39 (2.05)49 (0.76)90 (1.02)
Help eating, n(%)2 (0.44)35 (1.84)29 (0.45)66 (0.75)
Help using toilet, n(%)3 (0.65)37 (1.94)41 (0.63)81 (0.92)
Help getting in/out bed, n(%)6 (1.31)52 (2.73)66 (1.02)124 (1.40)
Number of limitations, ADL n(%)
 0450 (98.04)1,803 (94.75)6,346 (97.84)8,599 (97.19)
 14 (0.87)44 (2.31)90 (1.39)138 (1.56)
 23 (0.65)24 (1.26)22 (0.34)49 (0.55)
 31 (0.22)14 (0.74)15 (0.23)30 (0.34)
 41 (0.22)14 (0.74)7 (0.11)22 (0.25)
 50 (0.00)4 (0.21)6 (0.09)10 (0.11)