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Table 5 Factors associated with improved child’s stool disposal in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: Prevalence and associated factors of safe and improved infant and young children stool disposal in Ethiopia: evidence from demographic and health survey

Background characteristics Improved child’s feces disposal practice COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Improved Unimproved
Region
 Tigray 33 271 0.22(0.13–0.38)* 0.29(0.15–0.55)**
 Affar 2 37 0.11(0.05–0.25)* 0.25(0.13–0.47)**
 Amhara 14 747 0.03(0.01–0.11)* 0.05(0.02–0.19)**
 Oromiya 43 1805 0.04(0.02–0.09)* 0.09(0.04–0.22)**
 Somali 29 142 0.36(0.19–0.65)* 2.61(1.06–6.42)**
 Benishangul 1 43 0.04(0.02–0.10)* 0.09(0.04–0.22)**
 SNNP 50 786 0.11(0.06–0.21)* 0.27(0.12–0.59)**
 Gambela 1 9 0.17(0.09–0.35)* 0.16(0.07–0.36)**
 Harari 2 8 0.45(0.24–0.83)* 0.37(0.19–0.72)**
 Addis Ababa 40 65 1.08(0.61–1.92) 0.26(0.13–0.51)**
 Dire Dawa 6 11 1 1
Place of residence
 Urban 133 365 14.77(9.29–23.49)* 1.859(0.90–3.84)
 Rural 83 3559 1 1
Mother educational level
 No education 62 2437 1 1
 Primary 78 1201 2.52(1.64–3.89)* 1.40(0.85–2.31)
 Secondary 48 206 9.14(5.03–16.61)* 1.90(0.93–3.89)
 Higher 32 80 15.27(8.20–28.45)* 1.62(0.73–3.62)
Household wealth index (n = 4144)
 Poorest 7 968 1 1
 Poorer 14 891 2.12(1.02–4.42)* 4.50(2.06–9.84)**
 Middle 15 852 2.33(0.88–6.19)* 4.91(1.92–12.55)**
 Richer 36 718 6.65(3.10–14.27)* 12.53(5.59–28.10)**
 Richest 148 495 39.43(20.22–76.88)* 20.23(8.59–47.66)**
Listening to radio
 Yes 105 1024 2.58(1.76–3.78)* 0.92(0.55–1.55)
 No 116 2900 1 1
Watching television
 Yes 138 625 8.73(5.88–12.94)* 2.23(1.19–4.15)**
 No 83 3299 1 1
Reading the newspaper or magazine
 Yes 53 232 5.08(3.30–7.81)* 0.99(0.51–1.91)
 No 167 3692 1 1
Diarrhea in the last two weeks (n = 4129)
 Yes 39 631 1.11(0.68–1.82)  
 No 182 3277 1  
Source of drinking water
 Improved 187 2143 4.58(2.78–7.54)* 1.55(0.91–2.66)
 Unimproved 34 1781 1 1
Age of the child
 0–5 months 46 1141 1  
 6–11 months 64 995 1.60(0.96–2.68)  
 12–17 months 62 1023 1.52(0.96–2.39)  
 18–23 months 49 765 1.59(0.92–2.74)  
Mother’s age
 15–24 60 1156 1  
 25–34 123 1982 1.21(0.83–1.77)  
  > 34 38 786 0.94(0.53–1.66)  
  1. CI = Confidence Interval, COR = Crude Odds Ratio, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio, *Significant association (P < 0.05) crude, ** Significant association (p < 0.05) adjusted