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Table 2 Unadjusted relationships between household and neighborhood conditions and pathogen detection in stool collected from children in SaniPath households, 2010–2014

From: Associations between open drain flooding and pediatric enteric infections in the MAL-ED cohort in a low-income, urban neighborhood in Vellore, India

a) Household conditions Enteric infection Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Household toilet 0.74 (0.56, 1.00)
Household asset index (0–8) 0.99 (0.93, 1.06)
Household income category (0–8) 1.09 (1.00, 1.18)
Mother’s education category (0–8) 0.95 (0.88, 1.03)
b) Neighborhood conditions
 Monthly total rainfall (cm) 1.00 (0.98, 1.02)
 Monthly average temperature (°C) 1.05 (1.02, 1.09)††
Flooding
 Drain flooding 1.23 (0.93, 1.64)
 House flooding 1.01 (0.72, 1.41)
No reported contact with drain water Ref.
Any reported contact with drain water 1.50 (0.97, 2.32)
High (>10x/month) reported contact with drain water 1.84 (1.04, 3.25)
No reported contact with flood water Ref.
Any reported contact with flood water 1.43 (0.99, 2.06)
High (>10x/month) reported contact with flood water 1.19 (0.74, 1.91)
c) Stool collection
 Monthly (asymptomatic stool) collecteda 0.41 (0.29, 0.58)†††
  1. acompared to stool collected during diarrheal episodes; p < 0.05, ††p < 0.01; †††p < 0.001