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Table 1 Reported household/neighborhood conditions, exposure behaviors, and rainfall, 2010–2014

From: Associations between open drain flooding and pediatric enteric infections in the MAL-ED cohort in a low-income, urban neighborhood in Vellore, India

Household conditionsa Number (%)
Reported household toilet 33 (33.0)
 Direct discharge to drain 27 (81.8)
 Excreta contained onsite 3 (9.1)
 Other/Don’t know 3 (9.1)
Neighborhood conditionsa
 Open drain in front of household 96 (96.0)
Flooding
 Drain floods 57 (57.6)
 House floods 23 (23.0)
Reported exposure behaviorsa,b
Drain contact
 Any 86 (86.0)
  > 10 times per month 15 (15.0)
Flood water contact
 Any 82 (82.0)
  > 10 times per month 26 (26.0)
Monthly rainfall (cm)c Mean (SD)
Year-round 7.1 (6.0)
Dry season (January–May) 2.9 (3.5)
Southwest monsoon (June–September) 10.8 (4.2)
Northeast monsoon (October–December) 10.3 (6.3)
  1. aData from household survey (n = 100 households); bThe exposure behavior represents that of the study child, as reported by the adult respondent; cData from the India Meteorological Department [45]