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Table 3 Incidence of catastrophic expenses by HZ, type and sector of health care facility, Lubumbashi, DRC, 2015

From: Incidence of catastrophic expenditures linked to obstetric and neonatal care at 92 facilities in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2015

Variables Total Incidence of CE (%) RR 95% CI p
Health Zones      < 0.001
 Lubumbashi 274 25.9 1   
 Katuba 181 32.6 1.3 0.9–1.7  
 Mumbunda 126 18.3 0.7 0.5–1.1  
 Vangu 127 17.3 0.7 0.4–1.0  
 Kisanga 133 15.0 0.6 0.4–0.9  
 Ruashi 354 11.6 0.5 0.3–0.6  
 Kamalondo 61 8.2 0.3 0.1–0.7  
 Tshiamilemba 103 7.8 0.3 0.2–0.6  
 Kenya 82 4.9 0.2 0.1–0.5  
 Kampemba 186 4.3 0.2 0.1–0.3  
Type of facility      < 0.001
 Health center 684 11.6 1   
 Sendwe (provincial referral hospital) 74 23.0 2.0 1.2–3.1  
 General referral hospital 574 20.0 1.7 1.3–2.3  
 University Clinics of Lubumbashi (UCL) 75 18.7 1.6 0.9–2.6  
 Polyclinics 220 16.4 1.4 0.9–2.0  
Sector of ownership      < 0.001
 Private, religiousa 214 6.1 1   
 Public 655 20.5 3.4 2.0–5.8  
 Para-statal commercial 108 12.0 2.0 1.1–4.1  
 Private, non-religious 650 15.5 2.6 1.5–4.5  
  1. aUsed for comparison because these are the health facilities in which the price of care is most stable and where care is perceived by women to be of good quality