Skip to main content

Table 1 – Main personal, employment, work career characteristics, and health status of workers by immigration status and year of work in the metalworking industry before propensity score matching

From: Differences in work injury risk between immigrants and natives: changes since the economic recession in Italy

  2005 2010
HICa SMPCb HICa SMPCb
Person years % Person years % Person years % Person years %
63,605 100 7505 100 53,984 100 8487 100
Worker characteristics
Age <  25 7584 11.9 796 10.6 4608 8.5 793 9.3
25–34 21,474 33.8 2742 36.5 14,859 27.5 2554 30.1
35–44 19,729 31.0 2777 37.0 19,040 35.3 3181 37.5
45–55 14,817 23.3 1189 15.8 15,477 28.7 1958 23.1
Employment
Job tenure (in months) <  12 months 12,049 18.9 2586 34.5 7390 13.7 1967 23.2
1–4 years 18,887 29.7 3557 47.4 14,916 27.6 3585 42.2
5–9 years 13,499 21.2 1010 13.5 11,910 22.1 2138 25.2
10–14 years 7171 11.3 243 3.2 8477 15.7 595 7.0
≥ 15 years 11,998 18.9 110 1.5 11,291 20.9 201 2.4
Firm size (yearly average no. of employees) 1–9 12,515 19.7 1996 26.6 10,921 20.2 2160 25.5
10–19 9282 14.6 1561 20.8 7849 14.5 1712 20.2
20–199 23,569 37.1 3024 40.3 20,096 37.2 3600 42.4
>  199 18,239 28.7 924 12.3 15,118 28.0 1015 12.0
Firm’s geographic location Northwest 24,681 38.8 3111 41.5 20,131 37.3 3472 40.9
Northeast 18,174 28.6 3198 42.6 15,757 29.2 3516 41.4
Central 8483 13.3 907 12.1 7493 13.9 1047 12.3
South and Islands 12,267 19.3 288 3.8 10,604 19.6 452 5.3
Working career (in the 20 years preceding the year)
Prevailing skill level Apprentice 5886 9.3 516 6.9 4032 7.5 588 6.9
Blue collar 56,936 89.5 6976 93.0 49,195 91.1 7876 92.8
White collar 782 1.2 12 0.2 756 1.4 22 0.3
Cumulative duration as employee <  12 months 1502 2.36 421 5.62 671 1.2 248 2.9
1–4 years 8863 13.9 3422 45.6 5736 10.6 2442 28.8
5–9 years 12,581 19.8 2123 28.3 8910 16.5 3202 37.7
10–14 years 16,164 25.4 1005 13.4 15,559 28.8 1747 20.6
≥ 15 years 24,495 38.5 533 7.11 23,109 42.8 848 10.0
Quartile of wage in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up I 12,601 19.8 2765 36.8 10,083 18.7 3121 36.8
II 14,305 22.5 2551 34 12,001 22.2 2693 31.7
III 17,285 27.2 1498 20 14,732 27.3 1753 20.7
IV 19,415 30.5 691 9.21 17,169 31.8 920 10.8
Prevailing economic sector Metalworking 53,983 84.9 5811 77.4 46,801 86.7 7072 83.3
Construction 2329 3.66 406 5.41 1970 3.6 442 5.2
Wholesale and retail trade 1743 2.74 109 1.46 1196 2.2 92 1.1
Transport, storage, and communication 417 0.65 100 1.33 313 0.6 55 0.6
Financial and real estate 998 1.57 465 6.2 926 1.7 425 5.0
Hotel and restaurant 339 0.53 100 1.33 217 0.4 66 0.8
Other manufacturing 3170 4.98 411 5.47 2113 3.9 271 3.2
Instruction and health services 200 0.31 28 0.38 162 0.3 22 0.3
Missing 428 0.67 75 0.99 285 0.5 42 0.5
Health status in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up
Ratio between no. of weeks of sickness absence and total paid weeks (in %) in the 5 years preceding the beginning of follow-up Missing 123 0.19 7 0.1 109 0.2 18 0.2
0 34,006 53.5 4474 59.6 29,477 54.6 5216 61.5
1–4 21,352 33.6 2182 29.1 18,232 33.8 2539 29.9
5–9 5788 9.1 566 7.5 4486 8.3 520 6.1
10–19 1975 3.1 231 3.1 1469 2.7 163 1.9
20–49 344 0.54 37 0.5 202 0.4 30 0.4
50–74 11 0.02 4 0.1 6 0.0 2 0.0
75–100 6 0.01 1 0.0 4 0.0 0 0.0
  1. a: HIC - high income country b: SMPC - strong migratory pressure country