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Table 3 Overview of findings and smoking prevalence per investigated country

From: Who calls the shots in tobacco control policy? Policy monopolies of pro and anti-tobacco interest groups across six European countries

Country Policy monopoly Display ban imple-mented Frame Health advocacy institutions Retailers Tobacco industry economic presence Public health policy frameworks Inter-pretation FCTC 5.3 Health ministry role Smoking pre-valencea
Finland Health Yes Health Developed Opposition Largely gone Endgame strategy Strict Central 20%
Ireland Health Yes Health Developed Opposition Largely gone Endgame strategy Strict Central 19%
The Netherlands Unclear No Individual choice/ paternalistic government Developed Opposition Largely gone No Strict 19%
Belgium Unclear No Individual choice/ paternalistic government Developed Opposition Largely gone No Transparency 19%
Germany Tobacco industry and business No Private problem/ no discussion Weak Manufacture and production No Transparency Subordinate 25%
Italy Tobacco industry and business No Private problem/ no discussion Absent Manufacture and production No Transparency Subordinate 24%
  1. aBased on Eurobarometer (2017) item: ‘Do you smoke?’ [1]
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