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Table 6 Demographics, activity and location of fatal unintentional drowning, Australia, Canada and New Zealand

From: Exploring the burden of fatal drowning and data characteristics in three high income countries: Australia, Canada and New Zealand

  Australia Canada New Zealand X2 (p value)
N % N % N %  
Total 2792 34.1 4572 55.9 812 9.9 118.349 (p < 0.001)
Sex (N = 8176)
 Male 2182 78.2 3715 81.3 669 82.4 13.027 (p = 0.001)
 Female 610 21.8 857 18.7 143 17.6
Age group (n = 8174)
 Children (0–17 years) 492 17.6 555 12.1 138 17.0 46.431 (p < 0.001)
 Adults (18–64 years) 1254 44.9 2220 48.6 376 46.3 9.622 (p = 0.008)
 Older people (65 years and older) 1046 37.5 1795 39.3 298 36.7 3.470 (p = 0.176)
International tourists (N = 8176)
 Yes 132 4.7 122 2.7 40 4.9 28.917 (p < 0.001)
 No 2606 93.3 4426 96.8 706 86.9
 Unknown 46 1.6 24 0.5 66 8.1
First Nations Peoples (N = 8176)
 Yes 156 5.6 503 11.0 194 23.9 195.631 (p < 0.001)
 No 2232 79.9 4033 88.2 597 73.5
Unknown 382 13.7 36 0.8 21 2.6
Aquatic location of drowning incident (N = 8176)
 Bathtub 203 7.3 444 9.7 40 4.9 27.655 (p < 0.001)
 Beach 636 22.8 0 0.0 181 22.3 1150.963 (p < 0.001)
 Lake/Pond 251 9.0 1665 36.4 72 8.9 826.485 (p < 0.001)
 Ocean/Harbour 435 15.6 421 9.2 254 31.3 300.481 (p < 0.001)
 Other 99 3.5 334 7.3 23 2.8 59.527 (p < 0.001)
 River 756 27.1 1282 28.0 183 22.5 10.643 (p = 0.005)
 Swimming Pool 412 14.8 423 9.3 59 7.3 66.262 (p < 0.001)
 Unknown 0 0.0 3 0.1 0 0.0
Activity immediately prior to drowning (N = 8176)
 Aquatic activity 793 28.4 1171 25.6 355 43.7 72.757 (p < 0.001)
 Bathing 201 7.2 437 9.6 0 0.0 91.064 (p < 0.001)
 Boating 479 17.2 1098 24.0 167 20.6 37.105 (p < 0.001)
 Non-aquatic activity 839 30.1 906 19.8 287 35.3 165.660 (p < 0.001)
 Non-aquatic transport 183 6.6 740 16.2 0 0.0 266.668 (p < 0.001)
 Oher 20 0.7 0 0.0 3 0.4 96.587 (p < 0.001)
 Unknown 277 9.9 220 4.8 0 0.0