Skip to main content

Table 3 Estimated PAR for each of the variables significantly related to perinatal mortality in Nigeria, 2008–2013

From: Community-and proximate-level factors associated with perinatal mortality in Nigeria: evidence from a nationwide household survey

Variable n*Ψ aOR* PAR (95% CI)
Community-level factors
 Residence type
  Urban 29.2 Ref  
  Rural 70.8 1.33 0.176 (0.065–0.282)
Proximate-level factors
 Mother’s age
  30–39 32.5 Ref  
   < 20 8.3 1.27  
  20–29 46.1 0.94  
  40–49 13.2 1.35 0.034 (0.006–0.068)
 Mother’s body mass index (MBMI)
  Normal (18.5 ≤ MBMI ≤24.9) 64.4 Ref  
  Underweight (MBMI > 18.5) 7 0.77  
  Overweight (25 ≤ MBMI ≤29.9) 17 1.12  
  Obese (MBMI ≥30) 11.6 1.46 0.037 (0.010–0.0702)
 Birth rank and birth interval
  2 or 3 child, interval > 2 11.4 Ref  
  First child 18.4 1.81 0.082 (0.048–0.137)
  2 or 3 child, interval ≤ 2 7.7 1.76 0.033 (0.016–0.055)
  4 or more child, interval > 2 16.8 0.94  
  4 or more child, interval ≤ 2 12.5 1.86 0.058 (0.032–0.088)
 Child sex
  Female 28.5 Ref  
  Male 38.4 1.45 0.119 (0.070–0.170)
 Mother’s perceived baby size
  Average or larger 44.5 Ref  
  Small or very small 16.9 1.92 0.081 (0.053–0.114)
 Mode of delivery
  Non-caesarean 62.4 Ref  
  Caesarean section+ 3.5 2.85 0.023 (0.013–0.038)
  1. *Weighted proportion of perinatal deaths
  2. Ψ variable proportion did not add up to 100 due to missing values
  3. *The adjusted model included place of residence; geopolitical zone; household wealth index; mother’s (marital status, education, working status, age, body mass index, desire for pregnancy); father’s education; child sex; place of birth; delivery assistance; mode of delivery; child’s body size at birth; birth order and birth interval and cooking fuel
  4. aOR adjusted odds ratio, PAR population-attributable risk, Ref reference category