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Table 1 Summary of study characteristics

From: A systematic review of infectious illness Presenteeism: prevalence, reasons and risk factors

Reference Country Study design Sample (N, age, % male) Illness Outcome(s)
Ablah 2008 [19] America Cross-sectional survey Employees from organisations represented at a Pandemic Influenza Workgroup (1485, < 30- > 60, 28) ILI Prevalence, associations
Bhadelia 2013 [20] America Cross-sectional records review HCWs at a tertiary care centre with ILI and tested for influenza (352, 21–68, 25) ILI Prevalence, associations
Bracewell 2010 [21] New Zealand Cross-sectional survey Hospital clinical staff (224, < 25- > 55, 19) Infectious illnesses Prevalence, reasons, associations
Carroll 2016 [22] United Kingdom Cross-sectional interview Parents of pre-school children (3, 26–47) RTI Reasons
CDC 2004 [23] America Cross-sectional survey Noninstitutionalized U.S. civilian adults (2231, 18–97, 48.7) ILI Prevalence
Chambers 2017 [24] New Zealand Cross-sectional survey Senior physicians and dentists (1806, 20- > 60, 59) Infectious illnesses Prevalence, associations
Chiu 2017 [25] America Cross-sectional survey HCPs during 2014–15 influenza season (1914, 18- > 50, nr) ILI Prevalence, reasons, associations
de Perio 2014 [26] America Cross-sectional survey School employees (412, 22–71, 18) ILI Prevalence, reasons, associations
Gudgeon 2009 [27] Canada Cross-sectional survey Medical students, surgical residents and staff physicians (668, nr, nr) RTI Prevalence, reasons, associations
Jena 2012 [28] America Cross-sectional survey Resident physicians (150, nr, nr) ILI Prevalence, reasons, associations
Juszczyk 2018 [29] Poland Cross-sectional records review Patients who were professionally active, employed, or running their own business (550,360, 19–64, 38.1) RTI Prevalence
Kobayashi 2016 [30] America Cross-sectional survey Staff members at a skilled nursing facility (162, nr, nr) RTI Prevalence
LaVela 2007 [31] America Cross-sectional survey HCWs caring for persons with spinal cord injuries (820, < 25- > 65, 26.71) RTI Prevalence, associations
Martinez 2012 [32] Portugal Cross-sectional survey Nurses from a major public hospital (296, M = 35.7, 27.7) RTI Prevalence
Mitchell 2017 [33] Canada Cross-sectional survey Resident physicians (323, nr, 20.1) Symptoms of infectious illness Prevalence, associations
Mossad 2017 [34] America Cross-sectional survey HCPs caring for transplant and internal medicine patients (286, Me = 35, 28) ILI Prevalence, associations
Perkin 2003 study 1 [18] United Kingdom Cross-sectional survey Junior doctors (81, nr, 56.8) Infectious illnesses Prevalence, reasons
Perkin 2003 study 2 [18] United Kingdom Cross-sectional survey Junior doctors (110, nr, 60.0) Infectious illnesses Prevalence, reasons
Rebmann 2016 [35] America Cross-sectional survey School nurses (133, < 40- > 61, 0.8) ILI Prevalence, reasons
Rosvold 2001 [36] Norway Cross-sectional survey Physicians (1015, M = 42.3, 57) Infectious illnesses Prevalence
Rousculp 2010 [37] America Prospective monthly survey Employees from 3 large US employers (793, M = 40.7, 64.4) ILI Prevalence, associations
Tan 2014 [38] New Zealand Cross-sectional survey Tertiary care hospital physicians (328, nr, 55) ILI Prevalence
Veale 2016 [39] Canada Cross-sectional survey Medical students (549, nr, nr) Symptoms of infectious illness Prevalence, reasons
Whysall 2018 [40] United Kingdom Cross-sectional survey Employees of a large UK Utilities organisation (316, nr, nr) RTI Prevalence
  1. Note: ILI influenza-like-illness, RTI respiratory tract infection, HCPs health care professionals, HCWs health care workers, nr not reported, M mean, Me median