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Table 2 Adjusted and unadjusted model showing independent predictors of ever use of alcohol

From: Alcohol use among Nigerian university students: prevalence, correlates and frequency of use

Variables Ever used alcohol Never used alcohol Unadjusted Odds ratios (CI) Adjusted Odds ratios (CI)
All 341 (43.5) 442 (56.5)   
Sex
 Male 199 (51.0) 191 (49.0) 1.84 (1.38–2.45)*** 1.59 (1.16–2.17)**
 Female 142 (36.1) 251 (63.9) 1 1
Age
 Above 20 years 270 (47.4) 300 (52.6) 1.80 (1.30–2.51)*** 1.68 (1.16–2.44)*
 17–19 years 71 (33.2) 143 (66.8) 1 1
Religious Background
 Christian 263 (45.9) 310 (54.1) 1.45 (1.05–2.00)* 1.64 (1.14–2.36)*
 Islam 78 (37.1) 132 (62.9) 1 1
Frequency of religious rituals attendance
 Infrequently 157 (57.9) 114 (42.1) 2.46 (1.82–3.33)*** 2.34 (1.69–3.25)***
 Frequently 184 (35.9) 328 (64.1) 1 1
Father alive
 Yes 267 (43.4) 348 (56.6) 0.98 (0.69–1.38) 2.33 (1.15–4.74)*
 No 74 (43.8) 95 (56.2) 1 1
Live in the same household as your father
 Yes 224 (40.4) 331 (59.6) 0.65 (0.47–0.88)** 0.42 (0.22–0.81)**
 No 117 (51.1) 112 (48.9) 1 1
Mother alive
 Yes 296 (42.3) 403 (57.7) 0.64 (0.41–1.01) 1.29 (0.64–2.65)
 No 45 (53.6) 39 (46.4) 1 1
Live in the same household as your mother
 Yes 257 (40.3) 381 (59.7) 0.49 (0.34–0.71)*** 0.69 (0.38–1.24)
 No 84 (57.5) 60 (42.3) 1 1
Family structure
 Nuclear 176 (38.9) 279 (61.3) 0.62 (0.47–0.83)** 0.74 (0.51–1.08)
 Polygamous/single-parent/foster parent 165 (50.3) 163 (49.7) 1 1
Family support
 Adequate support 219 (39.5) 336 (60.5) 0.56 (0.41–0.76)*** 0.76 (0.54–1.07)
 Inadequate support 123 (53.7) 106 (46.3) 1 1
Perceived parent’s social economic status
 Rich 55 (54.5) 46 (45.5) 1.67 (1.09–2.54)* 1.93 (1.22–3.05)**
 Poor/middle income 286 (41.9) 397 (58.1) 1 1
School Location
 Nasarawa 154 (38.5) 246 (61.5) 0.66 (0.49–0.87)** 0.75 (0.53–1.05)
 Ilorin 187 (48.8) 196 (51.2) 1 1
  1. ***p-value < 0.001, **P-value < 0.005, *P-value< 0.05, CI confidence interval
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