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Table 4 | Comparison of individual and household characteristics among people sought their medical care for diarrhea from professional and nonprofessional healthcare providers

From: Prevalence of diarrheal illness and healthcare-seeking behavior by age-group and sex among the population of Gaza strip: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variables Professional health provider
n = 187 (44.5%)
A non-professional health service provider
N = 233 (55.5%)
P-value
Housing area 0.637
 Rural 96 (51.3) 125 (53.6)
 Urban 91 (48.7) 108 (46.4)
Marital status of the household head 0.088
 Married 146 (78.1) 197 (84.5)
 Single 41 (21.9) 36 (15.5)
Education level of household head <  0.001
 Less educated 17 (9.1) 85 (36.5)
 High educated 170 (90.9) 148 (63.5)
Gender of household head 0.109
 Male 157 (84.0) 208 (89.3)
 Female 30 (16.0) 25 (10.7)
Career of household head 0.166
 Craftsman 79 (42.2) 83 (35.6)
 Public servant 108 (57.8) 150 (64.4)
Monthly income of household <  0.001
 Low income 45 (24.1) 122 (52.4)
 High income 142 (75.9) 111 (47.6)
House ownership 0.726
 Owned 178 (95.2) 220 (94.4)
 Rented 9 (4.8) 13 (5.6)
Clean kitchen 0.998
 Yes 57 (30.5) 71 (30.5)
 No 130 (69.5) 162 (69.5)
Sanitary toilet 0.130
 Yes 9 (4.8) 5 (2.1)
 No 178 (95.2) 228 (97.9)
Kind of toilet 0.763
 Latrine with flush 13 (7.0) 18 (7.7)
 Latrine without flush 174 (93.0) 215 (92.3)
Gender of person who had diarrhea 0.325
 Male 118 (63.8) 137 (59.1)
 Female 67 (36.2) 95 (40.9)
Source of drinking water 0.262
 Non improved 60 (32.1) 87 (37.3)
 Improved 127 (67.9) 146 (62.7)
Source of washing water 0.031
 Non improved 178 (95.2) 230 (98.7)
 Improved 9 (4.8) 3 (1.3)
Source of cooking water 0.315
 Non improved 100 (53.5) 136 (58.4)
 Improved 87 (46.5) 97 (41.6)
Place of wastewater disposal 0.083
 Open area around the house 127 (67.9) 176 (75.5)
 Close sewerage system 60 (32.1) 57 (24.5)
Availability of soap for hands washing 0.413
 Yes 80 (42.8) 109 (46.8)
 No 107 (57.2) 124 (53.2)
 Continuous variables    
Age of household head (years) 42.4 ± 14.4 (22–67) 40.9 ± 13.7 (22–67) 0.281
Living in the area (years) 15.2 ± 10.5 (1–44) 15.7 ± 10.5 (1–44) 0.586
Number of rooms in house 2.7 ± 0.8 (1–5) 2.7 ± 0.9 (1–5) 0.524
Number of family Members 6.3 ± 1.7 (3–11) 6.2 ± 1.7 (2–12) 0.577
Age of getting diarrhea 8.7 ± 13.5 (1–62) 21.1 ± 16.7 (1–67) < 0.001
Number of children less than 5 in family 1.5 ± 0.6 (0–3) 1.4 ± 0.6 (0–3) 0.238
Distance to healthcare center (km) 1.6 ± 0.8 (1–4) 1.7 ± 0.8 (1–4) 0.303
  1. For the continuous variables, the Mean ± SD (min-max) were presented instead of frequency and percentage as in the binary variables
  2. Chi-square test was used to examine the difference between the two groups