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Table 5 Bivariable and multivariable analysis of home delivery in the Lay Gayint, Northwest Ethiopia; 2016

From: Spatial variations of women’s home delivery after antenatal care visits at lay Gayint District, Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Place of delivery COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Home HF
Distance from HF location
 < =2.5 km 124 (42.2) 170 (57.8) 1.0 1.0
 2.51–5 km 128 (65) 69 (35) 2.5 (1.8, 3.7)* 1.1 (0.6, 2.1)
 > =5 km 26 (70.3) 11 (29.7) 3.2 (1.5, 6.8)* 1.2 (0.3, 3.9)
Distance from the nearest HEW home
 < =2.5 km 168 (45.8) 199 (54.2) 1.0 1.0
 2.51–5 km 97 (67.8) 46 (32.2) 2.5 (1.6, 3.7)* 2.2 (1.2, 4.3)**
 > =5 km 13 (72.2) 5 (27.8) 3.1 (1.1, 8.8)* 1.4 (0.3, 7.0)
Place of residence
 Urban 29 (20.3) 114 (79.7) 1.0 1.0
 Rural 249 (64.7) 136 (35.3) 7.2 (4.6, 11.4)* 3.8 (1.3, 10.9)***
Age
 < 20 10 (45.5) 12 (54.5) 1.0 1.0
 20–34 199 (50.8) 193 (49.2) 1.2 (0.5, 2.9) 1.1 (0.3, 4.6)
 > =35 69 (60.5) 45 (39.5) 1.8 (0.7, 4.6) 0.8 (0.2, 3.8)
Level of education
 Unable to read and write 159 (64.4) 88 (35.6) 12.7 (3.4, 43.6)* 0.3 (0.1, 1.7)
 Able to read and write 21 (52.5) 19 (47.5) 7.7 (1.9, 30.1)* 0.2 (0.0, 1.6)
 Primary (1–8) 76 (54.3) 64 (45.7) 8.3 (2.4, 29.1)* 0.7 (0.1, 3.7)
 Secondary (9–12) 19 (24.7) 58 (75.3) 2.3 (0.6, 8.5) 0.7 (0.1, 3.7)
 College and above 3 (12.5) 21 (87.5) 1.0 1.0
Source of information for ANC
 Health institution 119 (55.3) 96 (44.7) 0.5 (0.3, 0.8)* 0.3 (0.1, 0.8)**
 HEW 82 (50.6) 80 (49.4) 0.4 (0.2, 0.7)* 0.4 (0.2, 1.1)
 Radio/TV 21 (28.4) 53 (71.6) 0.2 (0.1, 0.3)* 0.4 (0.1, 1.2)
 Friends and relatives 56 (72.7) 21 (27.3) 1.00 1.00
Benefit of ANC
 Maternal health 50 (83.3) 10 (16.7) 1.00 1.00
 Child health 134 (72.8) 50 (27.2) 0.5 (0.3, 1.1) 1.1 (0.4, 2.9)
 Both mother and child 94 (33.1) 190 (66.9) 0.1 (0.0, 0.2)* 0.4 (0.1, 1.0)
ANC visits
 1 visit 70 (88.6) 9 (11.4) 18.6 (8.7, 39.6)* 6.2 (1.9, 19.3)***
 2–3 visits 147 (60.7) 95 (39.3) 3.7 (2.5, 5.5)* 2.0 (1.1, 3.4)**
 ≥ 4visits 61 (29.5) 146 (70.5) 1.0 1.0
Health education
 Yes 34 (32.1) 72 (67.9) 1.0 1.0
 No 131 (68.6) 60 (31.4) 4.6 (2.7, 7.7)* 3.5 (1.6, 7.7)***
 I don’t know 113 (48.9) 118 (51.1) 1.0 (1.252, 3.286)* 2.7 (1.3, 5.7)**
A decision on the place of delivery
 Myself 68 (82.9) 14 (17.1) 1.0 1.0
 My husband 18 (54.5) 15 (45.5) 0.3 (0.1, 0.6) 0.3 (0.1, 1.2)
 Both of us 192 (46.5) 221 (53.5) 0.2 (0.1, 0.3)* 0.3 (0.1, 0.9)**
Knowledge on place of delivery
 Yes 104 (30.6) 236 (69.4) 0.04 (0, 0.1)* 0.04 (0.0, 0.1)***
 No 174 (92.6) 14 (7.4) 1.0 1.0
Gravidity
 1 41 (36.9) 70 (63.1) 1.0 1.0
 2–4 176 (55.6) 140 (44.3) 2.2 (1.4, 3.3)* 0.4 (0.1, 1.1)
> 5 61 (60.4) 40 (39.6) 261 (1.5, 4.5)* 0.4 (0.0, 6.5)
Parity
 1 41 (50) 41 (50) 1.0 1.0
 2–4 179 (55.9) 141 (44.1) 2.2 (1.4, 3.4)* 2.2 (0.1, 35.7)
> 5 58 (59.8) 39 (40.2) 2.5 (1.5, 4.4)* 1.9 (0.9, 8.3)
Wealth Index
 Poor 50 (27) 135 (73) 0.2 (0.1, 0.3) 0.3 (0.1, 1.0)
 Medium 190 (66.4) 96 (33.4) 1.0 (0.5, 1.8) 0.8 (0.4, 1.9)
 Rich 38 (66.7) 19 (33.3) 1.0 1.0
  1. Hosmer-Lemeshow Goodness of fit test = 0.325
  2. HF Health facility, HEW Health Extension Worker, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  3. *p-value ≤0.05 for bivariable analysis
  4. **p-value< 0.05 and ***p-value < 0.001 for multivariable analysis, 1.0 = reference;