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Table 1 Prevalence of malnutrition among schoolchildren 5–14 years of age

From: Risk factors for malnutrition among school-aged children: a cross-sectional study in rural Madagascar

Primary school N Stuntinga
n = 393
Underweightb
n = 382
Thinnessc
N = 393
Overweightd
N = 393
Obsesitye
N = 393
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Ambohimarina 25 9 36.0 7 30.4 2 8.0 1 4.0 0 0.0
Ambohitrarahaba 106 33 31.1 36 34.6 10 9.4 1 0.9 0 0.0
Ambohitsoa 38 11 28.9 10 27.8 3 7.9 0 0.0 0 0.0
Ambovona 9 5 55.6 5 55.6 3 33.3 1 11.1 0 0.0
Ankadinandriana 21 10 47.6 9 42.9 1 4.5 0 0.0 0 0.0
Isahafa 45 12 26.7 14 31.8 2 4.4 1 2.2 0 0.0
Ikianja 31 13 41.9 12 41.4 5 16.1 0 0.0 0 0.0
Soavinandriamanitra 35 14 40.0 15 45.5 5 14.3 0 0.0 0 0.0
Tsarahasina 50 18 36.0 20 40.0 5 10.0 0 0.0 0 0.0
Viliahazo 33 12 36.4 17 51.5 8 24.2 0 0.0 0 0.0
Total 393 137 34.9 145 36.9 44 11.2 4 1.0 0 0.0
95% CI: 30.4–39.7 95% CI: 32.2–41.9 95% CI: 8.5–14.7 95% CI: 0.4–2.6 95% CI: 0.0–1.0
National prevalence among children under 5 years of age 49.2f 36.0g (n.a.)h 6.2i (n.a.)h
  1. aZ-score for height-for-age < −2 [7]
  2. bZ-score for weight-for-age < −2 [7]. As WHO’s growth reference does not cover children 121 months of age and older, 11 children categorized into the age group were excluded from estimation of prevalence of underweight [18]
  3. cZ-score for BMI-for-age < − 2 [7]
  4. d2 > Z-score for BMI-for-age > 1 [7]
  5. eZ-score for BMI-for-age > 2 [7]
  6. fNationally representative prevalence among children under 5 years of age as of 2015 (IFPRI, 2016) [8]
  7. gNationally representative prevalence among children under 5 years of age as of 2008–2012 (UNICEF, 2018) [19]
  8. hThinness and obesity are not internationally employed as malnutrition indicators for children under 5 years of age
  9. iNationally representative prevalence among children under 5 years of age as of 2004 (World Bank, 2018) [20]