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Table 1 AIDS-defining diseases among Israeli Men having sex with Men according to HIV treatment regimen period, Israel, 1981–2015

From: HIV infection among men who have sex with men in Israel: a 35-year epidemiological and clinical overview, 1981–2015

HIV treatment regimen period 1981–1996 1997–2007 2008–2015 1981–2015
Number of AIDS cases N = 186 N = 69 N = 41 N = 296
Diseases Diagnosis %a Diagnosis %a Diagnosis %a Diagnosis %a
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia 81 43.5 19 27.5 18 43.9 118 39.9
Kaposi’s sarcoma 44 23.7 10 14.5 5 12.2 59 19.9
Wasting syndrome due to HIV 32 17.2 16 23.2 1 2.4 49 16.6
Candidiasis, esophageal 22 11.8 6 8.7 2 4.9 30 10.1
Toxoplasmosis of brain in a patient over one month of age 22 11.8 4 5.8 1 2.4 27 9.1
Cytomegalovirus retinitis 21 11.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 21 7.1
Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary 15 8.1 1 1.4 3 7.3 19 6.4
Opportunistic Infections, not specified 9 4.8 6 8.7 4 9.8 19 6.4
Mycobacterium avium complex or M. kansasii, disseminated or extrapulmonary 14 7.5 1 1.4 1 2.4 16 5.4
Pneumonia, recurrent in an adult or an adolescent (aged 13 years or over) 11 5.9 2 2.9 2 4.9 15 5.1
Cytomegalovirus disease (other than liver, spleen or nodes) in a patient over one month of age 9 4.8 3 4.3 2 4.9 14 4.7
Lymphoma, not specified 9 4.8 3 4.3 1 2.4 13 4.4
Cryptosporidiosis, intestinal with diarrhea (> 1 month duration) 9 4.8 2 2.9 0 0.0 11 3.7
Lymphoma, immunoblastic 5 2.7 5 7.2 0 0.0 10 3.4
Lymphoma, Burkitt’s 2 1.1 3 4.3 4 9.8 9 3.0
Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) (> 1 month duration) or bronchitis, pneumitis or esophagitis in a patient over 1 month of age 8 4.3 0 0.0 0 0.0 8 2.7
Lymphoma, primary, of the brain 6 3.2 0 0.0 1 2.4 7 2.4
Encephalopathy, HIV-related 5 2.7 1 1.4 1 2.4 7 2.4
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy 4 2.2 2 2.9 0 0.0 6 2.0
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, pulmonary in an adult or adolescent (aged 13 or over) 0 0.0 4 5.8 2 4.9 6 2.0
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, pulmonary in an adult or adolescent 1 0.5 2 2.9 1 2.4 4 1.4
Mycobacterium, other species or unidentified species, disseminated or extrapulmonary 2 1.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.7
Salmonella (non-typhoid) septicaemia, recurrent 0 0.0 2 2.9 0 0.0 2 0.7
Candidas of the bronchi, trachea or lungs 1 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3
Histoplasmosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary 1 0.5 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.3
Total number of diagnoses 333 179.0 92 133.3 49 119.5 474 160.1
  1. (a) The percentage can exceed 100% due to the fact that there are sometimes multiple AIDS defining diseases per case