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Table 2 Self-reported prevalence of chronic diseases by behavioral risk factors and socioeconomic-demographic characteristics among adult population (18–69 years) in India, 2007

From: Association of behavioral risk factors with self-reported and symptom or measured chronic diseases among adult population (18–69 years) in India: evidence from SAGE study

Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics Prevalence of self-reported chronic diseases Physical activity Nutrition Alcohol consumption^ Any tobacco use
Physical inactivity Vigorous activity Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables# Adequate intake of fruits and vegetables ## Yes No Yes No
Place of residence
 Urban 25.3 29.7 22.3 25.6 20.5 26.1 25.1 28.7 23.4
 Rural 23.5 28.1 20.5 23.5 24.4 26.2 22.9 25.5 21.7
Household’s religion
 Hindu 24.0 28.7 21.3 24.0 24.9 25.6 23.7 26.4 22.2
 Others+ 24.3 28.3 19.1 25.0 12.5 32.1 23.5 25.7 23.1
Household’s caste group
 Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST) 19.4 23.1 16.9 19.7 11.3 20.8 19.0 22.3 16.5
 Other than SC/ST++ 25.6 30.2 22.5 25.6 25.1 29.5 25.0 27.9 24.0
Religious services
 Never or once or twice/year/month 23.4 27.8 20.3 23.4 23.4 25.3 23.0 25.7 21.7
 Once or twice/week/daily 34.4 40.1 30.1 35.8 15.3 44.5 32.9 34.3 34.6
Member’s sex
 Male 23.7 30.9 19.6 24.0 20.6 26.2 22.6 25.2 21.0
 Female 24.4 25.8 23.2 24.3 28.1 26.2 24.4 30.3 23.0
Age group
 18–29 9.6 13.5 7.3 9.7 7.2 16.2 9.0 12.5 8.6
 30–44 23.4 28.6 21.1 23.5 22.2 22.4 23.7 23.8 23.0
 45–59 34.2 35.7 32.4 34.4 30.8 33.8 34.2 31.1 37.8
 60–69 43.5 47.5 37.2 43.5 44.7 43.5 43.5 42.5 44.9
Educational attainment+++
No education 25.3 30.9 21.7 25.3 27.0 23.8 25.6 25.4 25.2
<primary & primary 24.0 28.4 21.3 23.6 32.6 23.0 24.2 25.0 23.0
Secondary 23.3 27.6 19.4 24.2 12.2 28.1 22.2 28.4 19.7
High school & above 23.1 27.1 20.6 23.1 23.0 31.7 21.4 27.9 20.3
Body mass Index (BMI)
Underweight 20.8 27.9 20.1 20.9 18.5 24.9 19.9 23.4 18.1
Normal weight 23.0 26.7 16.6 23.1 21.1 24.5 22.6 25.4 21.2
Overweight 39.9 39.1 41.1 40.6 32.5 38.3 40.2 47.0 36.7
Obese 29.5 27.3 31.2 28.9 47.3 46.5 28.1 34.1 27.6
Wealth Quintile
Poorest 20.8 24.6 19.6 20.9 11.1 18.6 21.3 22.9 18.1
Poor 21.6 33.4 16.7 21.5 25.5 23.9 21.1 24.7 18.8
Middle 25.8 26.9 24.2 26.6 10.0 25.0 26.0 28.2 23.6
Rich 24.3 31.2 19.9 24.2 25.1 28.4 23.6 26.5 22.9
Richest 27.9 27.7 25.5 27.9 28.3 37.5 26.1 32.6 26.2
Total 24.1 28.6 20.9 24.1 22.8 26.2 23.6 26.3 22.3
  1. # Inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables includes < 5 serving of fruit and vegetables/ day
  2. ## Adequate intake of fruit and vegetables includes ≥5 serving of fruit and vegetables/ day
  3. + ++ +++Same define as in the Table 1
  4. ^Alcohol consumption included ever or current drinkers that drink contain alcohol such as beer, wine, spirits, etc.
  5. Note: Diseases prevalence (in %) presented in the table are weighted analysis