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Table 1 Research questions and used methods

From: Process evaluation of the Healthy Primary School of the Future: the key learning points

RQ and sub-RQ Concepts and variables Methods
RQ1: What was the pre-existing context of the four schools prior to the introduction of HPSF? The school context:
• HP practices of teachers/parents
• HP elements in school
• Dominant organisational issues
• Perceived barriers for HPSF
• Characteristics of student population
- Interviews
- Minutes
- Observations
- Practices_Q
- Barrier_Q
- Open questions in Barrier_Q
RQ2: How was HPSF developed and implemented and how did it interact with the context of the four schools? 2.1: How were the two top-down changes developed and implemented in the four schools? Two top-down changes:
• Daily healthy lunch
• Structured PA sessions
- Interviews
- Minutes
- Observations
2.2: To which additional health promoting changes did the two top-down changes lead to in the four schools? Changes in HP elements in school:
• School routine
• Policy
• Education
• Environment
- Interviews
- Minutes
- Observations
2.3: Which (potential) barriers for HPSF were perceived by the implementers in the four schools, and how did they change during the first two years of implementation? Perceived (potential) barriers for HPSF:
• Innovation-related
• Implementers-related
• Organisation-related
• Socio-political context-related
- Barrier_Q
2.4: Which factors influenced the development and implementation of HPSF in the four schools during the first two years of implementation? Development and implementation process of HPSF:
• Coordination
• Team cohesion
• Bottom-up involvement
• External support
• Momentum
- Interviews
- Minutes
- Observations
- Open questions in Barrier_Q
RQ3: After two years, to what extent was HPSF integrated and did the context of the four schools change? 3.1: What impacts did HPSF give rise to in the four schools after the first two years of implementation? Changes in the school context:
• HP elements in school
• HP practices of teachers/parents
• Characteristics of student population
- Interviews
- Minutes
- Observations
- Practices_Q
3.2: To what extent was HPSF seen as being fully integrated into the everyday functioning of the school after the first two years of implementation? Perceived feelings of integration - Interviews
  1. Abbreviations: Barrier_Q = barrier questionnaire; Practices_Q = practices questionnaire; RQ = research question