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Table 2 Prevalence of overweight (including obesity) among primary school children from 2008 to 2016 stratified by gender and maternal characteristics

From: Decline of childhood overweight and obesity in Italy from 2008 to 2016: results from 5 rounds of the population-based surveillance system

  2008/9 2010 2012 2014 2016 Relative change 2016 vs 2008/9 P value for linear trend
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) %  
Prevalence
 Boys 35.9 [35.1–36.8] 34.6 [33.8–35.5] 33.1 [32.3–33.9] 31.0 [30.2–31.8] 30.7 [29.8–31.6] −14.5 < 0.001
 Girls 34.3 [33.4–35.2] 33.7 [32.9–34.6] 32.4 [31.6–33.3] 30.5 [29.7–31.4] 30.5 [29.6–31.4] − 11.1 < 0.001
Area of residence
North
 Boys 27.6 [26.2–28.9] 27.1 [26.0–28.1] 26.7 [25.5–27.9] 24.9 [23.6–26.3] 25.1 [23.7–26.6] − 9.1 0.085
 Girls 25.7 [24.4–27.0] 26.9 [25.9–28.0] 26.2 [24.9–27.6] 24.5 [23.2–25.8] 25.4 [24.0–26.8] −1.2 0.461
Center
 Boys 33.7 [31.9–35.4] 32.5 [31–34.1] 31.4 [29.6–33.2] 29.6 [28.1–31.2] 29.5 [27.7–31.4] −12.5 0.001
 Girls 33.6 [31.7–35.6] 31.4 [29.8–33.0] 29.5 [27.8–31.3] 29.3 [27.7–30.8] 29.9 [28.0–31.8] −11.0 0.016
South
 Boys 44.2 [42.8–45.6] 42.8 [41.1–44.4] 42.5 [41.2–43.7] 41.1 [39.8–42.4] 39.5 [38.3–40.7] −10.6 < 0.001
 Girls 41.9 [40.4–43.4] 41.3 [39.7–42.8] 42.4 [41.2–43.7] 40.5 [39.1–41.9] 37.8 [36.5–39.1] −9.8 0.002
Mother’s educational level
Low
 Boys 39.2 [37.8–40.7] 37.3 [35.9–38.6] 37.9 [36.6–39.2] 35.9 [34.4–37.4] 36.7 [35.2–38.3] − 6.4 0.212
 Girls 38.4 [36.9–40.0] 36.7 [35.3–38.2] 36.9 [35.5–38.3] 35.3 [33.8–36.9] 36.1 [34.5–37.6] − 6.0 0.286
Medium
 Boys 35.6 [34.2–37.0] 33.7 [32.5–34.9] 32.6 [31.5–33.7] 30.6 [29.4–31.8] 29.9 [28.7–31.2] − 16.0 < 0.001
 Girls 33.2 [31.7–34.6] 33 [31.9–34.2] 31.3 [30.1–32.5] 30.4 [29.2–31.6] 29.7 [28.4–30.9] − 10.5 0.002
High
 Boys 30.3 [28.0–32.7] 30.0 [28.0–32.0] 25.0 [23.3–26.8] 24.8 [23.3–26.3 25.8 [24.3–27.4] − 14.9 0.002
 Girls 26.5 [24.5–28.6] 27.9 [26.1–29.8] 25.6 [23.9–27.4] 23.1 [21.5–24.7] 24.6 [22.9–26.4] − 7.2 0.051
Mother’s citizenshipa
Italian
 Boy 34.9 [34.0–35.8] 33.4 [32.6–34.2] 30.9 [30.0–31.8] 30.2 [29.2–31.1] − 13.5 < 0.001
 Girls 34.3 [33.4–35.2] 32.6 [31.7–33.4] 30.9 [30.0–31.8] 30.5 [29.6–31.5] − 11.1 0.002
Foreign
 Boys 31.1 [28.8–33.4] 31.0 [28.9–33.2] 31.5 [29.4–33.7] 34.4 [31.8–37.1] + 10.6 0.029
 Girls 27.9 [25.8–30.2] 29.5 [27.1–32.1] 27.1 [25.1–29.3] 29.2 [27.0–31.4] + 4.7 0.825
  1. aInformation about mother’s citizenship was not gathered in 2008/9