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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics by food security status among first-year college students at risk of weight gain in the United States (n = 855), 2016

From: Prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among U.S. college students: a multi-institutional study

  All Students (n = 855)a Food-Secure (n = 692 [81%]) Food-Insecure (n = 163 [19%]) P-valueb Insecure vs. Secure
Age (y), n (%)     0.310
 18 293 (34.6) 243 (35.3) 50 (31.2)  
 ≥ 19 555 (65.4) 445 (64.7) 110 (68.8)  
Sex, n (%)     0.391
 Male 262 (31.2) 217 (31.8) 45 (28.3)  
 Female 579 (68.8) 465 (68.2) 114 (71.7)  
Race/ethnicity, n (%)     < 0.001
 Non-Hispanic white 434 (62.4) 376 (66.0) 58 (46.0)  
 Non-Hispanic black 87 (12.5) 59 (10.4) 28 (22.2)  
 Hispanic/Latino 72 (10.3) 51 (8.9) 21 (16.7)  
 Other/multi-racial 103 (14.8) 84 (14.7) 19 (15.1)  
Father’s Education Level, n (%)     < 0.001
 Some college or higher 406 (49.8) 355 (53.1) 51 (34.5)  
 High school or less 410 (50.2) 313 (46.9) 97 (65.5)  
Mother’s Education Level, n (%)     < 0.001
 Some college or higher 469 (56.3) 401 (59.3) 68 (43.3)  
 High school or less 364 (43.7) 275 (40.7) 89 (56.7)  
Employment Status, n (%)     0.652
 Employed (Part-time/full-time) 366 (43.3) 295 (42.9) 71 (44.9)  
 Unemployed 479 (56.7) 392 (57.1) 87 (55.1)  
Pell Grant Recipient, n (%)     < 0.001
 Yes 323 (39.7) 233 (35.4) 90 (58.4)  
 No 490 (60.3) 426 (64.6) 64 (41.6)  
Place of Residence, n (%)     0.001
 On-campus 718 (84.4) 599 (86.3) 119 (75.8)  
 Off-campus 133 (15.6) 95 (13.7) 38 (24.2)  
Meal Plan Enrollment, n (%)     0.001
 Yes 681 (80.0) 568 (82.2) 113 (70.6)  
 No 170 (20.0) 123 (17.8) 47 (29.4)  
  1. aCounts will not always sum to 855 because of missing data
  2. bχ2 P-values compare the difference by food security status and sociodemographic characteristics; P-value < 0.05 is statistically significant