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Table 5 Predictors of being HIV-positive among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Lae

From: One size does not fit all: HIV prevalence and correlates of risk for men who have sex with men, transgender women in multiple cities in Papua New Guinea

  N Bivariate OR (95% CI) p-value Multivariable aOR (95% CI) p-value
Age (years) 342   0.1707   
 12–24   Ref    
 25–29   2.34 (0.61–8.94)    
 30+   3.14 (0.93–10.57)    
Gender identity 349   0.8043   
 Male   Ref    
 TG   1.19 (0.30–4.78)    
Education 349   0.6174   
 No formal education   Ref    
 Primary   1.95 (0.28–13.64)    
 High school or higher   2.46 (0.39–15.41)    
Main source of income 337   0.0405   0.0312
 Informal sector   Ref   Ref  
 Formal sector   5.08 (1.33–19.39)   4.66 (1.19–18.28)  
 Unemployed   1.85 (0.42–8.09)   0.99 (0.20–4.89)  
Marital status 349   0.1336   
 Never married   Ref    
 Married   1.90 (0.52–6.94)    
 Divorced, separated, or widowed   0.18 (0.02–1.45)    
Have cut foreskin 352   0.6639   
 Yes   Ref    
 No   1.30 (0.39–4.30)    
Can rely on other MSM/TGW to accompany them to doctor or hospital 332   0.0050   0.0010
 Yes   Ref   Ref  
 No   4.57 (1.59–13.16)   8.47 (2.40–29.90)  
Had vaginal/anal sex with a woman in the last 6 months 349   0. 0042   0.0008
 Yes   Ref   Ref  
 No   7.88 (2.96–21.03)   7.74 (2.35–25.53)  
Experienced at least one self-reported STD symptom in the last 12 months 349   0.0310   0.0131
 Yes   3.18 (1.11–9.11)   4.21 (1.36–13.09)  
 No   Ref   Ref  
Last contact with peer outreach 338   0.0432   
 Never   0.52 (0.10–2.84)    
< 3 months   0.33 (0.08–1.38)    
 4–12 months   Ref    
More than 12 months ago   2.52 (0.76–8.41)