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Table 1 Semi-parametric generalized additive model (GAM) for psychosocial and behavioral outcomes among PLWH in France (ANRS-VESPA2 survey)

From: A generalized additive model to disentangle age and diagnosis-specific cohort effects in psychological and behavioral outcomes in people living with HIV: the French cross-sectional ANRS-VESPA2 survey

  Physical QoL Mental QoL Need for material support Need for moral support HIV-status disclosure N = 3016
N = 2267 N = 3006 N = 3016
Parametric part of the model
  Coeff. [95% CI] Coeff. [95% CI] Coeff. [95% CI] Coeff. [95% CI] Coeff. [95% CI]
 Intercept 50.6 [49.4;51.7]c 42.0 [41.0;43.1]c 0.0 [−0.2;0.2] 0.8 [0.6;1.1]c 2.3 [1.8;2.7]c
 Sex
  Male ref ref ref ref ref
  Female −1.3 [− 2.2;-0.5]b − 1.0 [− 2.1;0.1] 0.4 [0.2;0.6]c 1.1 [0.8;1.4]c 0.6 [0.2;1.1]b
 MSM
  Yes     0.4 [0.2;0.7]c 0.5 [0.0;1.0]a
  No     ref ref
 Immigrant from Sub-Saharan Africa
  Yes −2.6 [−3.7;-1.5]c 5.0 [3.6;6.4]c 0.8 [0.5;1.1]c   −1.1 [−1.5;−0.6]c
  No ref ref ref   ref
 Marital status
  Married or cohabitating   1.9 [1.0;2.9]c -0.6 [−0.8;-0.4]c   1.4 [0.9;1.8]c
  Single, divorced or widowed   ref ref   ref
 Children
  Yes    0.2 [0.0;0.4]a   
  No    ref   
 Professional status
  Employed 2.9 [2.1;3.6]c 2.1 [1.1;3.1]c −0.5 [−0.7;-0.3]c   
  Other (unemployed, inactive) ref ref ref   
 Education level
  < High school ref     ref
  = High school −0.4 [−1.5;0.6]     0.6 [0.2;1.0]b
  > High school 1.3 [0.1;2.4]a     0.5 [0.0;0.9]
 Perceived care-related discrimination (in the previous 2 years)
  Yes −3.1 [− 4.3;-1.9]c − 4.2 [− 5.7;2.6]c 0.5 [0.2;0.8]b 0.4 [0.0;0.8]a  
  No ref ref ref ref  
 Perceived financial situation
  Difficult −2.5 [−3.3;-1.6]c −4.9 [− 6.0;-3.8]c 1.7 [1.4;1.9]c 0.7 [0.5;1.0]c  
  Adequate ref ref ref ref  
  Comfortable 0.8 [−0.2;1.9] 1.7 [0.5;3.0]b −1.1 [−1.3;-0.8]c − 0.2 [− 0.5;0.0]a  
 Beneficiary of free universal health coverage
  Yes    0.8 [0.4;1.1]c   
  No    ref   
 Experienced AIDS-related malignancies
  Yes −1.8 [−2.6;-1.0]c 1.6 [0.6;2.7]b    
  No ref ref    
 HCV Co-infection
  Yes −1.7 [−2.7;-0.7]c    0.6 [0.3;0.9]c  
  No ref    ref  
Non-parametric portion of the model
  EDF EDF EDF EDF EDF
 Cohort (year of diagnosis) 3.2b 2.2c 1.7 2.1 3.7c
 Age 1.1c 6.2c 7.7c 8.6c 1.4c
  1. Significance confidence level: a10%,b5% and c1%