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Table 4 Observed handwashing behaviors after toilet use among students at participating schools (n = 844 toilet use events in 30 schools)

From: Effect of an equipment-behavior change intervention on handwashing behavior among primary school children in Kenya: the Povu Poa school pilot study

  Pre-intervention (n = 461 events in 30 schools) Post-Intervention Visits
Post-intervention overall (n = 383 events in 30 schools) Visit 1 (0–5 weeks) (n = 198 events in n = 30 schools) Visit 2 (6–19 weeks) (n = 105 events in n = 20 schools) Visit 3 (20–25 weeks) (n = 80 events in n = 10 schools)
Age
≤ 10 years old 217 (47.1%) 225 (58.7%) 109 (55.1%) 64 (61.0%) 52 (65.0%)
> 10 years old 244 (52.9%) 158 (41.3%) 89 (44.9%) 41 (39.0%) 28 (35.0%)
Sex
Female 231 (50.1%) 203 (53.0%) 105 (53.0%) 54 (51.4%) 44 (55.0%)
Male 230 (49.9%) 180 (47.0%) 93 (47.0%) 51 (48.6%) 36 (45.0%)
If hands were washed, indicate vigor of scrubbing (n = 53 events) (n = 237 events) (n = 115 events) (n = 69 events) (n = 52 events)
Vigorously 11 (20.8%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.9%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Moderately 38 (71.7%) 221 (93.2%) 108 (93.9%) 63 (91.3%) 49 (94.2%)
Rinsed/Minimal 4 (7.5%) 15 (6.3%) 6 (5.2%) 6 (8.7%) 3 (5.8%)
If hands were washed, indicate duration of scrubbing (n = 53 events) (n = 237 events) (n = 115 events) (n = 69 events) (n = 52 events)
Less than 20 s 53 (100.0%) 231 (97.5%) 109 (94.8%) 69 (100.0%) 52 (100.0%)
20 s or more 0 (0.0%) 6 (2.5%) 6 (5.2%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
If hands were washed, how were hands dried? (n = 53 events) (n = 237 events) (n = 116 events) (n = 69 events) (n = 52 events)
Air drying 49 (92.5%) 226 (95.4%) 106 (91.4%) 69 (100%) 51 (98.1%)
Cloth towel 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.9%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Own clothes 3 (5.7%) 7 (3.0%) 6 (5.2%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.9%)
Could not observe 1 (1.9%) 3 (1.3%) 3 (2.6%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)