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Table 3 summary tables of primary and secondary outcomes of interventions delivered by text message

From: A systematic review and meta-analysis in the effectiveness of mobile phone interventions used to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy in HIV infection

Frequency of Interventions delivered by text message. Trial outcome RR SMD LCI UCI P value
Primary outcome
 All text Pop-eleches Medication Events Monitoring 1.17   0.92 1.48 0.20
 Weekly text Pop-eleches Medication Events Monitoring 1.32   1.02 1.70 0.03
 Short text Pop-eleches Medication Events Monitoring 1.16   0.89 1.52 0.27
 Long text Pop-eleches Medication Events Monitoring 1.17   0.90 1.53 0.24
 Daily text Pop-eleches Medication Events Monitoring 1.01   0.76 1.35 0.92
 Weekly text Mbuagbaw Pharmacy refill data   0.1 −0.23 0.43 0.62
 Scheduled/5x week Da Costa Pill count 1.35   0.61 3.00 0.46
 Scheduled/5x week Da Costa Mediation Events Monitoring 1.39   0.73 2.65 0.31
 Daily text Hardy Medication Events Monitoring System   33.4 14.1 52.6 0.00
 Scheduled/ Daily Hardy Pill count   13.7 −6.7 34.1 0.15
 Scheduled/ Daily Hardy Composite adherence score   27.1 7.6 46.6 0.01
 Triggered Sabin Medication events Monitoring 1.69   1.28 2.20 0.00
 Scheduled Haberer Medication Events Monitoring   12.00 1.83 22.17 0.03
 Triggered Haberer Medication Events Monitoring   0.00 −12.28 12.28 1.00
  Haberer HIV RNA Suppression      0.14
 Daily Ingersoll Pharmacy refill data   12.20 1.11 23.29 0.04
 Triggered Orrell Medication Events Monitoring 1.02   0.90 1.15 0.73
 Triggered Orrell Suppressed HIV RNA < 40 copies 1.05   0.93 1.18 0.46
 Triggered Orrell Virological failure *OR 2.03   1.1 3.9 0.034
Secondary outcome
 Weekly text Mbuagbaw Self-reported adherence 1.01   0.87 1.16 0.94
 Weekly text Mbuagbaw Visual Analogue Scale > 95% 1.07   0.89 1.29 0.48
 Weekly text Mbuagbaw Visual Analogue Scale > 90% 1.14   1.01 1.30 0.03
 5 times a week Da Costa Self-reported adherence 1.06   0.83 1.35 0.65
 Daily text message Hardy Self-reported adherence   20.2 −1.8 42.1 0.07
 4 times a week Nsagha Self-reported adherence 1.53   1.02 2.29 0.04
 Triggered Orrell Self report/ tablet return 1.00     1.00
  1. Clinically significant results (P < 0.05) have been highlighted in bold
  2. * refers to odds ratio