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Table 2 Bivariate associations between tobacco, alcohol, and drug use and last year sickness absence (N = 1392–1888)a

From: The relative impact of smoking, alcohol use and drug use on general sickness absence among Norwegian employees

  Sickness absence more than twice last 12 months Last sickness absence more than 3 days duration High-level absence group
Sample (N = 1888) 17.21 (1888) 14.33 (1870) 4.01 (1870)
Weekly binge drinking
 Yes 24.05 11.54 3.85
 No 17.01 14.37 4.04
medical drugs
 Yes 27.55** 18.75 7.29
 no 16.65 14.09 3.83
Illegal drugs
 Yes 12.5 4.17 0.00
 No 17.27 14.46 4.06
Daily smoking
 Yes 22.39* 17.72 6.69*
 No 16.46 13.80 3.60
  1. Chi Square, *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01
  2. a: variation due to item non-response