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Table 5 Estimates of drinking behavior from unemployment changes before and during the crisis

From: Do the unemployed hit the bottle during economic downturns? An empirical approach for Spain

Effect Full model with controls Pseudo R2 n
Change in drinking behavior (δ) −0.150 *** 0.098 29,677
(−4.46)  
Effect of unemployment on drinking (γ) −0.214 ***   
(−3.19)  
Change in the effect of unemployment on drinking behavior during the crisis (θ) 0.234 ***   
(2.76)  
  1. Full model that adjusts for age, gender, education, marital status, and nationality
  2. z-statistics in parentheses
  3. ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.10