Skip to main content

Table 4 Number and percentage of the questions on the attitude of antibiotic use

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use among university students: a cross sectional study in UAE

Question (response) Total % (n/N) Whole n (%) 1st year n (%) Final year n (%)
MS NS χ2 p MS NS χ2 p MS NS χ2 p
Use antibiotics when having fever (temperature lower than 38.5°) 655 (54.6%) 323 (53.8%) 332 (55.3%) 0.27 0.602 210 (57.4%) 175 (58.3%) 0.062 0.804 113 (48.3%) 157 (52.3%) 0.860 0.354
Common cold (always, often 696 (58%) 319 (53.2%) 377 (62.8%) 11.5 0.001 214 (58.5%) 190 (63.3%) 1.6 0.201 105 (44.9%) 187 (62.3%) 16.2 0.000
Acute bronchitis (always, often) 793 (66.1%) 407 (67.8%) 386 (64.3%) 1.6 0.20 231 (63.1%) 189 (63%) 0.001 0.976 176 (75.2%) 197 (65.7%) 5.6 0.017
Pneumonia (always, often) 737 (61.4%) 391 (65.2%) 346 (57.7%) 7 0.008 213 (58.2%) 162 (54) 1.2 0.227 178 (76.1%) 184 (61.3%) 13.1 0.000
Coughing up yellow/green sputum (always, often) 771 (64.3%) 386 (64.3%) 385 (64.2%) 0.004 0.95 229 (62.6%) 189 (63%) 0.013 0.909 157 (67.1%) 196 (65.3%) 0.182 0.670
Sore throat (always, often) 822 (68.5%) 412 (68.7%) 410 (68.3%) 0.015 0.901 260 (71%) 206 (68.7%) 0.441 0.506 152 (65%) 204 (68%) 0.584 0.459
Cough with fever (always, often) 879 (73.3%) 450 (75%) 429 (71.5%) 1.8 0.171 286 (78.1%) 211 (70.3%) 5.3 0.21 164 (70.1%) 218 (72.7%) 0.430 0.512
Congested nose with headache (always, often) 717 (59.8%) 335 (55.8%) 382 (63.7%) 7.6 0.006 224 (61.2%) 190 (63.3%) 0.318 0.573 111 (47.4%) 192 (64%) 14.5 0.000
Coughing up white sputum (always, often) 562 (46.8%) 275 (45.8%) 287 (47.8%) 0.482 0.488 179 (48.9%) 141 (47%) 0.240 0.624 96 (41%) 146 (48.7%) 3.1 0.078
Cough lasting 2 weeks or more (always, often) 804 (67%) 390 (65%) 414 (69%) 2.2 0.141 254 (69.4%) 212 (70.7%) 0.126 0.723 136 (58.1%) 202 (67.3%) 4.8 0.028
Stop the use of antibiotics as soon as complaints lessen (Yes) 534 (44.5%) 208 (34.7%) 326 (54.3%) 47 0.000 152 (41.5%) 156 (52%) 7.3 0.007 136 (58.1%) 202 (67.3%) 57.7 0.000
Antibiotic used prescribed by doctor (No) 433 (36.1%) 185 (30.8%) 248 (41.3%) 14.3 0.000 98 (26.8%) 110 (36.7%) 7.5 0.006 87 (37.2%) 138 (46%) 4.2 0.041
Follow prescription when choose Antibiotic (No) 317 (26.4%) 142 (23.7%) 175 (29.2%) 4.6 0.031 78 (21.3%) 69 (23) 0.273 0. 601 64 (27.4%) 106 (35.3%) 3.8 0.049
Used antibiotics without doctor’s Instructions (Yes) 667 (55.6%) 325 (54.2%) 342 (57%) 0.97 0.323 172 (47%) 160 (53.3%) 2.6 0.104 153 (65.4%) 182 (60.7%) 1.3 0.263
Ask the doctor to prescribe for you antibiotics when you catch a common cold (Yes) 445 (37.1%) 185 (30.8%) 260 (43.3%) 20 0.000 131 (35.8%) 137 (45.7%) 6.7 0.010 54 (23.1%) 123 (41%) 19.1 0.000
  1. *p < 0.05; #Significance; χ2 = chi square test.; n (%): Frequency (Percentage)