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Table 3 Factors predicting absenteeism and presenteeism among employees in Malaysia (N = 5235)

From: Anteceding factors predicting absenteeism and presenteeism in urban area in Malaysia

  Absenteeism Presenteeism
Coef. [95% Confidence Interval] P-value Coef. [95% Confidence Interval] P-value
Income
 < RM4000c 1.00 1.00
 RM4000 - RM7999 −0.53 (−1.10, 0.04) 0.067 −0.80 (−2.42, 0.83) 0.337
 > RM8000 −1.46 (−2.03, −0.88) < 0.001 −3.10 (−4.83, −1.38) < 0.001
Age, yearsb −0.31 (−0.39, −0.22) < 0.001
Marital Statusa
 Singlec 1.00
 Married 0.70 (0.20, 1.20) 0.006
 Separated/Divorced/Widowed 2.05 (0.58, 3.52) 0.006
 Prefer not to say −0.78 (−2.12, 0.57) 0.258
Educationa
 Less than Universityc 1.00
 University degree or higher −0.84 (−1.37, − 0.31) 0.002
Job Satisfactionb
 Agreec 1.00
 Neither agree nor disagree 1.50 (−0.26, 3.25) 0.094
 Disagree 4.63 (2.75, 6.50) < 0.001
Physical Health
 Very goodc 1.00 1.00
 Good 0.97 (0.26, 1.68) 0.007 3.87 (1.60, 6.14) 0.001
 Fair 1.44 (0.67, 2.22) < 0.001 8.17 (5.60, 10.74) < 0.001
 Poor 2.21 (0.78, 3.64) 0.002 16.59 (12.29, 20.88) < 0.001
 Very poor 9.00 (4.77, 13.23) < 0.001 25.73 (13.80, 37.66) < 0.001
Mental Healthb
 Very goodc 1.00
 Good 2.98 (1.05, 4.91) 0.002
 Fair 6.24 (3.84, 8.63) < 0.001
 Poor 12.43 (8.43, 16.42) < 0.001
 Very poor 17.03 (9.01, 25.05) < 0.001
Sleep Length 0.32 (0.11, 0.52) 0.002 −0.91 (−1.48, −0.35) 0.002
Kidney Diseasesa
 Noc 1.00
 Yes 7.28 (4.22, 10.34) < 0.001
Diabetesa
 Noc 1.00   
 Yes 1.69 (0.09, 3.29) 0.038
Migrainea
 Noc 1.00   
 Yes 1.18 (0.50, 1.86) 0.001
Unwell Due To Stress At Work
 Yes, definitelyc 1.00 1.00
 Yes, to some extent −1.53 (−2.21, −0.85) < 0.001 −6.82 (−8.73, −4.91) < 0.001
 No −1.67 (−2.39, −0.95) < 0.001 − 14.06 (− 16.12, − 12.00) < 0.001
  1. aFactor that only predict the Absenteeism
  2. bFactor that only predict the Presenteeism
  3. cReference group