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Table 3 Multinomial logistic regression analysis for the association between the neighborhood environment and physical activity among adults in Taiwan

From: The perceived neighborhood environment is associated with health-enhancing physical activity among adults: a cross-sectional survey of 13 townships in Taiwan

  Model 1c Model 2d
Moderate level PA High level PA Moderate level PA High level PA
ORa (95% CI)b OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Perceived environmental factors
 Access to services and stores 1.63 (0.96–2.78) 2.02 (0.94–4.34) 1.90 (1.07–3.37)* 2.25 (1.01–5.01)*
 Access to recreational facilities 0.86 (0.47–1.56) 1.12 (0.47–2.67) 0.72 (0.38–1.33) 0.90 (0.37–2.20)
 Access to walking infrastructure 1.07 (0.69–1.66) 1.36 (0.77–2.41) 1.08 (0.68–1.70) 1.33 (0.73–2.42)
 Traffic safety 1.78 (1.14–2.76)* 1.57 (0.88–2.80) 1.77 (1.12–2.80)* 1.61 (0.88–2.94)
 Seeing many physically active people 1.21 (0.72–2.04) 1.68 (0.82–3.44) 1.38 (0.80–2.39) 2.40 (1.11–5.23)*
 Aesthetics 1.31 (0.79–2.17) 1.04 (0.53–2.02) 1.28 (0.78–2.16) 0.98 (0.49–1.94)
Demographic data
 Sex
  Male    1.28 (0.76–2.16) 1.35 (0.76–2.39)
  Female    1 1
 Age (years)
  18–34    0.40 (0.19–0.85)* 0.76 (0.27–2.12)
  35–49    0.63 (0.32–1.25) 0.91 (0.35–2.37)
  50–64    1.12 (0.59–2.12) 1.99 (0.85–4.66)
  ≥ 65    1 1
 Education level
  < Junior high school    0.40 (019–0.83)* 0.64 (0.26–1.55)
  Senior high school    0.81 (0.49–1.35) 0.65 (0.34–1.26)
  > College    1 1
 Urbanization
  Urban    0.61 (0.37–1.01) 0.71 (0.36–1.37)
  Rural    1 1
 AICe 254.9 729.2
 Nagelkerke’s R2 6.5% 11.7%
  1. The reference group is the group with a low level of physical activity
  2. Statistically significant: *P < 0.05
  3. aOR odds ratio
  4. b95% CI 95% confidence interval
  5. cModel 1 is the unadjusted model
  6. dModel 2 is adjusted for sex, age, education level, and urbanization
  7. eAIC Akaike’s information criterion