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Table 2 Relationships between perceived environmental factors and different levels of physical activity

From: The perceived neighborhood environment is associated with health-enhancing physical activity among adults: a cross-sectional survey of 13 townships in Taiwan

Items Low level Moderate level High level X 2 a P b
n (%) n (%) n (%)
Access to services and stores
 No 94(29.3) 30 (20.0) 13 (17.1) 7.658 .022*
 Yes 227 (70.7) 120 (80.0) 63 (82.9)   
Access to traffic stops
 No 122 (38.0) 64 (42.7) 23 (30.3) 3.300 .192
 Yes 199 (62.0) 86 (57.3) 53 (69.7)   
Access to recreational facilities
 No 69 (21.5) 24 (16.0) 8 (10.5) 5.745 .057
 Yes 252 (78.5) 126 (84.0) 68 (89.5)   
Access to walking infrastructure
 No 177 (56.5) 67 (46.5) 29 (39.2) 9.108 .011*
 Yes 136 (43.5) 77 (53.5) 45 (60.8)   
Quality of walking infrastructure
 No 107 (53.2) 51 (46.8) 17 (31.5) 8.171 .017*
 Yes 94 (46.8) 58 (53.2) 37 (68.5)   
Access to bike lanes
 No 200 (62.5) 93 (62.0) 50 (66.7) .530 .767
 Yes 120 (37.5) 57 (38.0) 25 (33.3)   
Safety from crime
 No 173 (54.1) 71 (47.3) 40 (52.6) 1.866 .393
 Yes 147 (45.9) 79 (52.7) 36 (47.4)   
Street connectivity
 No 102 (32.2) 40 (26.7) 14 (18.7) 5.853 .054
 Yes 215 (67.8) 110 (73.3) 61 (81.3)   
Traffic safety
 No 149 (48.5) 47 (31.5) 24 (32.4) 14.846 <.001***
 Yes 158 (51.5) 102 (68.5) 50 (67.6)   
Air pollution
 No 179 (56.1) 76 (50.7) 43 (56.6) 1.350 .509
 Yes 140 (43.9) 74 (49.3) 33 (43.4)   
Seeing many physically active people in the neighborhood
 No 117 (36.8) 39 (26.0) 14 (18.7) 11.986 .002**
 Yes 201 (63.2) 111 (74.0) 61 (81.3)   
Aesthetics
 No 127 (39.8) 42 (28.0) 20 (26.7) 8.781 .012*
 Yes 192 (60.2) 108 (72.0) 55 (73.3)   
  1. aResults from the chi-square for the differences between low, moderate, and high levels of physical activity
  2. bStatistically significant: *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001